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(sā`mŏs, Gr. sä`môs), island (1991 pop. 33,032), c.181 sq mi (469 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Southern SporadesSporades
, islands, E and SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea. They have been grouped variously at different times. The Northern Sporades are generally understood to include Skiáthos, Skópelos, Alónnisos, Skíros, and some smaller islands off the coast of
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, near Turkey. Largely mountainous, it rises to c.4,725 ft (1,440 m) on Mt. Kerki. The main towns are Karlóvasi and Vathi, the capital of Sámos prefecture. The island has much fertile soil; grapes, tobacco, cotton, citrus fruits, and currants are grown, and wine is made. Sámos was inhabited in the Bronze Age, and about the 11th cent. B.C. it was colonized by Ionian Greeks. By the 6th cent. B.C., when it was ruled by the tyrant Polycrates, the island was a commercial and maritime power and a cultural center. The poet Anacreon, the sculptor Rhoecus, and (according to legend) the fabulist Aesop lived on Sámos; Pythagoras and Conon were born there. Sámos was conquered by the Persians toward the end of the 6th cent. B.C. but regained its independence after the battle of Mycale (479 B.C.). It joined the Delian League and was a loyal supporter of Athens during the Peloponnesian War. The island declined after 322 B.C., when it fell out of Athenian hands. In the Middle Ages, Sámos was held by a Genoese trading company from 1304 to 1329 and from 1346 to 1475, when it was captured by the Ottoman Empire. It was a semi-independent principality from 1832 until it passed to Greece in 1913.



a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. Part of the Southern Sporades, it is separated from Asia Minor by a narrow strait 2.4 km in width. The area of Samos is 476 sq km, and its highest peak, Mount Kerketeus, has an elevation of 1,434 m. The mountains are composed mainly of limestones and crystalline rocks. Bauxites are mined, and marble is quarried. Maquis and pine groves are found on the slopes. There is subtropical agriculture, and the island is a wine-making center. The principal port is Samos.

Samos was one of the centers of the Aegean culture. The earliest inhabitants of the island, the Leleges and the Carians, were pushed out by the Ionians in the beginning of the first millennium B.C. In the eighth century B.C. Samos became a polis with an economy based on trade and handicrafts. Its greatest prosperity was attained under the tyrant Polycrates in the second half of the sixth century B.C. Beginning with the third century B.C., Samos was successively part of Macedonia, Pergamum, the Roman Empire, and the Byzantine Empire; it subsequently came under the power of the Genoese, the Venetians, and, in the mid-16th century, the Turks. After the Balkan Wars of 1912–13, the island was annexed by Greece under the terms of the Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1913.

Archaeological excavation has been intermittently conducted on Samos since 1880. The remains of the ancient polis of Samos include moles, the fortifications of the acropolis, and residential districts of not earlier than the fifth century B.C. The Temple of Hera stood nearby; remains still exist of altars and temples dating from the tenth to the sixth centuries B.C. The cities of Vathi and Tigani have museums, and a museum of Greek and Roman sculpture is located near the site of the Temple of Hera.


Töl le, R. Der antike Stadt Samos. Mainz, 1969.


a Greek island in the E Aegean Sea, off the SW coast of Turkey: a leading commercial centre of ancient Greece. Pop.: 33 809 (2001). Area: 492 sq. km (190 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Samos Steamship Company managing director Anastassios Tzamouranis said: "We have been very satisfied with the high quality and timely repairs of our tankers by N-KOM over the years and are happy to further grow our partnership with this fleet agreement.
They quickly stepped in, alongside Samos residents who themselves are finding times hard, to help refugees, provide shelter, clothing and to some degree emotional support.
The remaining 11 are on the Greek islands of Corfu/ Kerkyra (CFU), Crete/Chania (CHQ), Kefalonia (EFL), Kos (KGS), Mitilini (MJT), Mykonos (JMK), Rhodes (RHO), Samos (KGS), Santorini (JTR), Skiathos (JSI) and Zakynthos (ZTH).
The remaining eleven are located on the Greek islands of Corfu/Kerkyra (CFU), Crete/Chania (CHQ), Kefalonia (EFL), Kos (KGS), Mitilini (MJT), Mykonos (JMK), Rhodes (RHO), Samos (KGS), Santorini (JTR), Skiathos (JSI) and Zakynthos (ZTH).
Wolters Kluwer Legal & Regulatory Solutions announced that it has named Gregory Samos president and CEO of Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, effective Sept.
He said the vessel was a mile off the port of Karlovassi on Samos, and its engines were functioning.
Dubai's ship building unit Drydocks World said it held extensive discussions with senior officials of Samos Steamship, a leading ship managing company in Greece, on future co-operation in several areas of mutual interest during their recent visit to the emirate.
Field guide to Samos and the Menderes massif; along-strike variations in the Mediterranean Tethyan orogen.
Thea European Commission declared, on 19 October, incompatible with EU regulation three state aid schemes concerning the rescheduling of debts in a series of Greek departments (Kastoria, Euboea, Florina, Kilkis, Rhodopos, Evros, Xanthi, Dodecanese and the islands of Lesbos, Samos and Chios).
We are "sailing through the great ocean of the universe, says Brian Thomas Swimme, s he stands framed by the scenic island of Samos, Greece, in the documentary Journey of the Universe.
Samos is an inland municipality, appreciated by the cultural values present in the area, such as Samos Monastery.