Samuel


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Related to Samuel: 1 Samuel

Samuel,

two books of the Bible, originally a single work, called First and Second Samuel in modern Bibles, and First and Second Kingdoms in the SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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. They are considered part of "Deuteronomistic history," in which the book of DeuteronomyDeuteronomy
, book of the Bible, literally meaning "second law," last of the five books (the Pentateuch or Torah) ascribed by tradition to Moses. Deuteronomy purports to be the final words of Moses to the people of Israel on the eve of their crossing the Jordan to take
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 functions as the interpretive key for understanding Hebrew history. The books cover the careers of Samuel, Saul, and David (roughly the 11th cent. B.C.), as follows: first, Samuel's career and judgeship; second, the establishment of the Hebrew monarchy, with the anointing and subsequent success of Saul, followed by the anointing of David and the bitter rivalry between David and Saul; third, the reign of David, first at Hebron, then at Jerusalem; and, fourth, an appendix of various, unordered materials. Scholars have detected two main strands in the composition of the book, based on divergent attitudes toward the monarchical establishment. In both the books of Samuel and of Kings, the prophets represent the claim of the divine over human kingship. One section is said to be written by a contemporary of David, making it the oldest piece of Bible narrative. The prophet Samuel, fl. 1050 B.C., was the last judge of Israel and the first of the prophets after Moses. The circumstances of his birth, childhood, and vocation are told at the beginning of First Samuel. His judgeship was dominated by war with the Philistines, who captured the Ark of the Covenant. In his old age he agreed, at divine request, to the establishment of a king; he thus anointed Saul and remained chief prophet during Saul's reign. In this role he anointed David, and after dying, appeared to Saul at Endor. Samuel became a national hero and eventually a popular figure of Jewish legend.

Bibliography

See studies by P. K. McCarter (1980, 1984), J. Baldwin (1988), and W. Brueggemann (1990); R. Alter, The David Story (1999). See also bibliography under Old TestamentOld Testament,
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations "Old" and "New" seem to have been adopted after c.A.D.
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.

Samuel

his spirit appears to Saul through the witch of Endor. [O.T.: I Samuel 28:24]
See: Ghost

Samuel

Old Testament
1. a Hebrew prophet, seer, and judge, who anointed the first two kings of the Israelites (I Samuel 1--3; 8--15)
2. either of the two books named after him, I and II Samuel
References in periodicals archive ?
Marlon Samuels joined Bravo who began stroking comfortably.
Moses and Aaron among His priests, And Samuel among them that call upon His name (Ps.
In the books of Samuel and Chronicles, the relationship between human and divine agency is often a matter of degree.
Samuel needs further operations to rebuild his skull and doctors say he will have to relearn how to use his left arm and how to walk.
Samuel was previously a partner at Gide Loyrette Nouel in Hong Kong and prior to that a Counsel at Sidley Austin, where he worked for over ten years.
Yesterday the coroner was told Samuel, who was born with a congenital cardiac defect, had surgery at the hospital not long after his birth and made a good recovery.
Paramedics had to call police to restrain Samuel, Falmouth, Cornwall, who was handcuffed and strapped to a stretcher.
Sadly it was in the same WEEK that Samuel found out he was the regional winner that Oliver lost his fight with cancer.
After smoking two packets a day for 35 years, Samuel was diagnosed with stage three cancer in 2010.
The original draft of Samuel was supplemented in his view in two stages: First, in what roughly corresponds to 1 Samuel 9-30, the rise and demise of Saul and the rise of David, and in almost all of 2 Samuel, the tales or David's reign (e.