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Related to Samuel: 1 Samuel


two books of the Bible, originally a single work, called First and Second Samuel in modern Bibles, and First and Second Kingdoms in the SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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. They are considered part of "Deuteronomistic history," in which the book of DeuteronomyDeuteronomy
, book of the Bible, literally meaning "second law," last of the five books (the Pentateuch or Torah) ascribed by tradition to Moses. Deuteronomy purports to be the final words of Moses to the people of Israel on the eve of their crossing the Jordan to take
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 functions as the interpretive key for understanding Hebrew history. The books cover the careers of Samuel, Saul, and David (roughly the 11th cent. B.C.), as follows: first, Samuel's career and judgeship; second, the establishment of the Hebrew monarchy, with the anointing and subsequent success of Saul, followed by the anointing of David and the bitter rivalry between David and Saul; third, the reign of David, first at Hebron, then at Jerusalem; and, fourth, an appendix of various, unordered materials. Scholars have detected two main strands in the composition of the book, based on divergent attitudes toward the monarchical establishment. In both the books of Samuel and of Kings, the prophets represent the claim of the divine over human kingship. One section is said to be written by a contemporary of David, making it the oldest piece of Bible narrative. The prophet Samuel, fl. 1050 B.C., was the last judge of Israel and the first of the prophets after Moses. The circumstances of his birth, childhood, and vocation are told at the beginning of First Samuel. His judgeship was dominated by war with the Philistines, who captured the Ark of the Covenant. In his old age he agreed, at divine request, to the establishment of a king; he thus anointed Saul and remained chief prophet during Saul's reign. In this role he anointed David, and after dying, appeared to Saul at Endor. Samuel became a national hero and eventually a popular figure of Jewish legend.


See studies by P. K. McCarter (1980, 1984), J. Baldwin (1988), and W. Brueggemann (1990); R. Alter, The David Story (1999). See also bibliography under Old TestamentOld Testament,
Christian name for the Hebrew Bible, which serves as the first division of the Christian Bible (see New Testament). The designations "Old" and "New" seem to have been adopted after c.A.D.
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his spirit appears to Saul through the witch of Endor. [O.T.: I Samuel 28:24]
See: Ghost


Old Testament
1. a Hebrew prophet, seer, and judge, who anointed the first two kings of the Israelites (I Samuel 1--3; 8--15)
2. either of the two books named after him, I and II Samuel
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Samuel not only for his support of historical and artistic studies related to the French regime in Canada, but also for his championing of the cause of Free France during World War II.
In the latest contest, 66,283 beer drinkers around the country tasted the Boston-based brewer's Revolutionary Rye and Samuel Adams Belgian IPA, and the Rye garnered 63% of the vote.
His arrival makes him the fourth TRIBUTE: takes his name from cousin Corey generation of Samuel Smiths in his dad Sammy's family line.
Samuel, originally from Stoke-on-Trent, met Annie in Bridgend when he was working in the prisoner of war camp in 1948.