SATA

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SATA

SATA

(Serial ATA) The standard hardware interface for connecting hard drives, solid state drives (SSDs) and CD/DVD drives to the computer. Introduced in 2001, all computers for consumer use employ the SATA interface. However, for mission critical applications, servers and high-end workstations may use the SCSI serial interface instead (see serial attached SCSI).

eSATA and Powered eSATA
SATA drives are internal and cabled directly to the motherboard, while "eSATA" ports on the back of the computer accept external SATA drives. The "powered" version means the drive power comes from the port rather than the wall outlet.

SATA, PATA and IDE
SATA is the faster serial version of the parallel ATA (PATA) interface. Both SATA and PATA are "integrated drive electronics" (IDE) devices, which means the controller is in the drive, and only a simple circuit is required on the motherboard. Although SATA is an IDE technology, "IDE" refers to PATA (for details, see IDE, AHCI and PATA/SATA specifications). See mSATA and SATA Express.


SATA           Data Transfer RateVersion      Gbits/sec  MBytes/sec  Year

 1.0  I          1.5        150      2001
 2.0  II, 3G     3.0        300      2004
 3.0  III, 6G    6.0        600      2009
 3.2  Express   16.0       1969      2013



eSATA Ports
These ports connect external SATA drives. The hybrid port supports both powered eSATA (eSATAp) and USB devices, and drives can be plugged in and out with the computer on (hot swappable). For more details, see eSATA USB Hybrid Port.







SATA and PATA Cables
SATA cables easily fit inside a case, whereas the old PATA ribbons were cumbersome. As is visible on this earlier motherboard that used SATA hard drives and PATA CD/DVD drives, four SATA sockets took less room than one PATA.


SATA and PATA Cables
SATA cables easily fit inside a case, whereas the old PATA ribbons were cumbersome. As is visible on this earlier motherboard that used SATA hard drives and PATA CD/DVD drives, four SATA sockets took less room than one PATA.
References in periodicals archive ?
The onboard controller provides an additional six SATA III backplane ports for building a high performance, high capacity storage array using Elma's 553x family of dual-drive storage carriers across four total slots.
The selected SSDs are the first in the market to leverage the SATA III 6Gbps interface and feature single-level cell (SLC) NAND flash to provide exceptional performance and low latency, with sequential read speeds of up to 360Mbps and up to 45,000 random write input/output operations per second (IOPS).
The SATADOM features Innodisk's Pin 7 technology to eliminate the need for a separate power cable by drawing VCC power directly from Pin 7 of the SATA III connector.
The workstation features SATA III for twice as fast and USB 3.
5" SATA III as well as SATA Slim formats, the 3MG2-P series uses a custom new ID201 controller, synchronous NAND flash and 19nm manufacturing process to produce high serquential speeds and random IOPS, while preserving industrial level reliability, power protection, and ruggedness.
Available in tower, small form factor and eco small form factor versions, the desktop is designed for speed and performance with technologies including SATA III, USB 3.
Innodisk's new IOPS series 3MG2-P SSDs features 50,000 IOPS 4K Random read/write and Sequential Read/Write speeds of 520/450 MB/s through a SATA III 6.
The new SandForce SF-2000 SSD Processor family extends the momentum established by the first-generation products by offering up to double the read/write performance along with enhanced error correction, built in double encryption, and a 6 Gigabits per second SATA III interface.
The QM77 chipset brings high bandwidth SATA III allowing for data transfer speeds of up to 6Gb/s, this ensures that the data bus bottleneck, which previously hindered data transfer speeds, is now a thing of the past.
Introduction of the second generation SF-2000 Family of SSD Processors for Enterprise and Industrial applications - the first SATA SSD controller solution to maximize the performance of the SATA III, 6 Gigabit-per-second host interface