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see Shanghai Cooperation OrganizationShanghai Cooperation Organization
(SCO), association of Eurasian nations founded 2001 in Shanghai by China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Under the charter signed in 2002, the member nations cooperate on security and military issues, especially with
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(The SCO Group, Inc., Lindon, UT, A vendor of Unix operating systems for the x86 platform. After SCO declared bankruptcy in 2007, UnXis was formed in 2011 to acquire all its assets and intellectual property.

The SCO Group was the combination of two companies: Utah-based Caldera, Inc. and Santa Cruz-based The Santa Cruz Operation.

Caldera was a software company founded in 1994 by Ransom Love and Bryan Sparks. Its primary products were the OpenLinux and DR-DOS operating systems (see DR-DOS). In 2001, Caldera acquired the products and people from The Santa Cruz Operation, widely known as SCO, and a year later changed the company name to The SCO Group.

The Santa Cruz Operation was founded in 1979 as a custom programming house. In 1984, it introduced SCO XENIX, its first operating system, which ran on the Apple Lisa, PC XT and the DEC Pro 350. It later developed only for the Intel platform, and more than two million licenses of its Unix client and server products were sold. In 1995, SCO purchased UnixWare and all the AT&T source code for Unix System V from Novell. It merged UnixWare and its OpenServer product into a single operating system, which was released in 1998 as SCO UnixWare 7. SCO had also offered Linux, but abandoned the line in the spring of 2003. See UnixWare and OpenServer.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caldera, the Caldera logos, SCO and the associated SCO logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of The SCO Group in the U.
He thanked Secretary General for his support in steering the process of Pakistan's membership of SCO and reiterated Pakistan's commitment towards 'Shanghai Spirit' of mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, respect for cultural diversity and pursuit of common development.
advance payments of the SCO member states to the SCO Working Capital Fund;
The draft regulations on the unified register of Internet resources used for terrorist, separatist and extremist purposes was approved, and joint measures of SCO regional security and countering threats bodies after partial withdrawal of the International Security Assistance Forces from Afghanistan in 2014 were agreed in order to improve coordination and cooperation among the competent authorities of the SCO member states in the fight against terrorism, separatism and extremism.
In addition to significantly increased performance, in some cases two to four times the performance of the previous version, SCO OpenServer 6 customers will gain greater capabilities in the number of supported processors, increased memory and large file size support.
A SCO spokesperson told ComputerWire: "We find customers and potential customers are confused over ownership of Unix.
In its amended filing, SCO is now seeking $1bn for IBM's alleged breach of a software agreement, $1bn for alleged breach of a Unix contract signed by Sequent, and $1bn for alleged unfair competition, as well as unspecified damages for misappropriation of trade secrets, punitive and exemplary damages and costs.
Second, SCO claims that the Linux kernel is riddled with code taken directly from SCO's own UnixWare product.
Customers will have the added benefit of a built-in path to Monterey/64 - a volume UNIX operating system being jointly developed by SCO and IBM for the Intel Itanium 64-bit microprocessor.
The patent application for the progesterone treatment was prepared and filed for SCO by Reed Smith LLP of Washington, D.
Highlighting Pakistan's active participation in all the SCO activities, the prime minister appreciated that SCO has established itself as a significant and influential player in the international arena by leveraging its comparative advantages.
He said that SCO can enormously benefit from Pakistan's experience in successful combating of the menace of terrorism, narcotics and drugs as well as its economic strengths and connectivity potentials.