SGML


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SGML

SGML

SGML

(Standard Generalized Markup Language) An ISO standard for defining the format in a text document. Widely used in the publishing industry, an SGML document uses a separate Document Type Definition (DTD) file that defines the format codes, or tags, embedded within it. Since SGML describes its own formatting, it is known as a "meta-language." SGML is a very comprehensive language that also includes hypertext links. HTML is an SGML document that uses a fixed set of tags, while XML is a simplified version of SGML. See HTML, XML and DSSSL.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although this very ability to provide predictable tagging to later processing programs is what gives SGML so much strength, it would have helped to make the case for that contention early on.
The chapters are organized into the sections "Introduction," "SGML concepts and capabilities," "Application design," and "Implementing SGML in your enterprise.
Grolier's conversion to SGML enabled them to automate many of the production chores and enabled writers to return to creative work.
Since many SGML documents will be placed on the World Wide Web (WWW) in the near future, it is important for communicators to understand how HTML relates to SGML.
Chapter 1, for example, opens with a discussion of why markup languages like SGML or HTML are popular, offers a discussion of the International Standards Organization (without explaining particularly well what ISO is and how or why SGML got to be an ISO standard); explains Computer-Aided Acquisition and Logistics Support (CALS), the Department of Defense initiative that gave a great deal of emphasis to SGML in the 1980s; and only then gets around to a highly useful explanation of how SGML makes information transportable.
Although much attention is focused on producing documents using SGML, it seems as though organizations place little emphasis on documentation management and utilization.
SGML resources, including tools, vendors, books, and training
In October 1986, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) designated a standard for document representation - SGML (International Standard 8879).
Motivation for using SGML * History and purpose of SGML * Document analysis * Advice on choosing and writing DTDs * SGML declaration * SGML features * Notation * Marked sections * Short references * Special applications of SGML
Goldfarb, the "father" of SGML, presented to a meeting of the Northern California CALS Interest Group.
com), a leader in converting and repurposing data, will use his experience working with such medical publishers as Blackwell Science, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins and Harcourt Health Sciences, and aggregators such as Ovid and Highwire, to offer suggestions on how to quickly and cost-effectively move old data into new SGML or XML formats suitable for electronic sales and distribution.
Over time, SGML will allow the company to reuse of much more of the information it creates and to synchronize the development of documentation with the products it supports.