Sida

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Sida

 

a genus of herbaceous plants and subshrubs of the family Malvaceae. The stems are erect, and the leaves are five- to seven-lobed. The flowers are borne in leaf and branch axils. There are up to 150 species (according to other data, as many as 300), distributed in the tropics and subtropics. One wild species, S. spinosa, is found in the USSR, in the western regions of Transcaucasia. Sida acuta, S. rhombifolia, and other species whose stems contain 15–20 percent fiber are cultivated on farms throughout the world (primarily in North America and Europe). The white fiber is as strong as jute fiber but is more brittle. The cultivation of Sida hermaphrodita in the USSR looks promising; it is grown as part of plant collections and on experimental plots.