Sucre


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Sucre,

city (1992 pop. 131,769), S central Bolivia, constitutional capital of Bolivia and capital of Chuquisaca dept. Since 1898, La Paz has been the administrative capital of Bolivia and the seat of the legislative and executive branches of government; Sucre is the seat of the judiciary. The city lies in a mountain valley on the eastern slope of the Andes at an altitude of c.8,500 ft (2,590 m). The climate is moderate. Sucre is a major agricultural center and supplies the mining communities of the barren altiplano. It also has an oil refinery and a cement plant. The city is the seat of the archbishopric, the supreme court, and the national university, San Francisco Xavier, which was founded c.1625 and specializes in law. Sucre was founded in 1538 and called La Plata; the city was also called Chuquisaca and Charcas. It was given its present name in 1839 in honor of the revolutionary leader Antonio José de SucreSucre, Antonio José de
, 1795–1830, South American revolutionist, b. Cumaná, Venezuela. He joined (1811) the forces fighting for independence from Spain and rose to be the chief lieutenant of Simón Bolívar.
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. The revolt against Spanish rule began in Sucre in 1809.

Sucre

 

the legal capital of Bolivia and capital of the department of Chuquisaca. Situated in the valley of the Pilcomayo River, on the slopes of the Cordillera Central, at an elevation of 2,700 m. Population, 85,000 (1970). Sucre has a tropical climate; the average January temperature is 12°C, and the average July temperature 9°C. Annual precipitation is 706 mm. Sucre, a highway junction, has a railroad station and an airport. The city has enterprises of the oil-refining, cement, woodworking, and food industries. There is a thermal power plant in the city.

Sucre was founded in 1538 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Anzurez, who named the city La Plata (Spanish, “silver”) because of silver deposits found in the area. Later the city was named Chuquisaca (Indian, choque-chaca [”silver mountain”]). On May 25,1809, an uprising in the city marked the beginning of the war for independence from Spain in Upper Peru (Bolivia’s name in the colonial period). In 1839 the city was named after A. J. de Sucre.

In the center of Sucre is the triangular Square of May 25, which includes a park, the Basilica Metropolitana (foundation laid 1571; structure completed 18th century), the Government Palace (1892), the Palace of the Legislative Assembly, various other government buildings, and a monument to A. J. de Sucre (1909). In the northern district, the Square of Liberty features the Obelisk of Liberty, a theater, and the Hospital of Santa Barbara. Colonial-period houses and 16th- and 17th-century churches have also been preserved.

Educational institutions in Sucre include a university, a higher pedagogical school, a polytechnic institute, an institute of oncology, a smallpox vaccination institute, the Sucre Medical Institute, and an institute of sociology. Prominent cultural institutions include the National Library and Archives of Bolivia, museums of anthropology and the fine arts, and the Charcas Colonial Museum.

Sucre

1
Antonio José de . 1795--1830, South American liberator, born in Venezuela, who assisted Bolivar in the colonial revolt against Spain; first president of Bolivia (1826--28)

Sucre

2
the legal capital of Bolivia, in the south central part of the country in the E Andes: university (1624). Pop.: 231 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Les boissons preparees selon ce mode standard ont ete utilisees pour determiner les teneurs en tanins et estimer les apports en sucres ajoutes et en calories induits par la consommation de ces boissons.
This, as well as the collapsing sucre, enraged most Ecuadorians.
Por esta razon, es importante impulsar y ejecutar acciones de conservacion encaminadas a la proteccion de los cultivos de palma amarga y de los remanentes de bosque secos que aun quedan en el departamento Sucre.
Table III shows the percentages of the different SITpatterns in the two molecular epidemiology studies of municipality Sucre strains, compared to the previously published percentages of the SITpatterns in strains isolated in the Instituto de Biomedicina located in western Caracas and the states of Carabobo, Delta Amacuro, Amazonas and Sucre.
El hecho de que Sucre conciba la obra como la experiencia imaginaria y verbal de un autor, le lleva a buscar el aspecto mas abarcador de esa experiencia para emprender a partir de el el estudio de la misma.
The currency was immediately adopted as trading currency, in an effort to drop the dollar (the value of the sucre stands at $1.
Se destacan las relaciones entre las parroquias de la porcion sur central de Suore con las de la porcion centro norte de Monagas, asi como la existente entre las del centro y occidente de Nueva Esparta con las de la Peninsula de Araya al noroeste de Sucre, y las del este de Nueva Esparta con las del centro norte de Sucre.
Ammar a souligne que les produits alimentaires, a part le riz, l'huile et le sucre, se trouvaient sur les marches.
It suffered a setback last May when a gas exploration rig operated by PDVSA sank at Mariscal Sucre, but officials said the accident would not derail the project, nor set back production they said was due to begin there in November 2012.
Address: Sucre 676, Villa de Mayo; Tel: (5411) 4782-9082; Web: sucrerestaurant.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 18, 2010-Technip awarded major offshore contract for the Mariscal Sucre development in Venezuela(C)2010 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.
Cuba recently made its first sucre-denominated payment to Venezuela with 108,000 sucres for 360 tons of rice.