Swat


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Swat

(swät), district of the Malakand division, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly North-West Frontier Province), Pakistan. Saidu Sharif is the capital. The largely inaccessible region is reached by air and through mountain passes from the south and east. Swat was famous for its beautiful forests and gardens and had a noted wood-carving industry, but its extensive deodar forests in the north have been drastically deforested. Agriculture is dominated by the growing of potatoes for export and of vegetables and fruits for urban markets. Tourism was a major industry prior to the rise of Islamic militants in the early 21st cent.

Archaeological evidence indicates that Swat's history dates back to at least the 3d cent. B.C. Long a stronghold of Buddhism, it has several Buddhist stupas. In 2007–8 there was fighting in Swat between Pakistani troops and Islamic militants. A peace agreement was signed with the militants in May, 2008, but fighting resumed two months later. In Feb., 2009, the government, which had failed to rout the militants, agreed to a cease-fire and the establishment of Islamic rule in the district. The situation deteriorated, however, following government operations in April against militants in nearby areas, and in May–July the government mounted a major offensive in Swat that largely reestablished government control. Swat was among those areas most severely devastated by the monsoon floods of 2010.

Swat

1. a former princely state of NW India: passed to Pakistan in 1947
2. a river in Pakistan, rising in the north and flowing south to the Kabul River north of Peshawar. Length: about 640 km (400 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Jahan Bakht as new Vice Chancellor of University of Swat.
Former Provincial Minister Wajid Ali Khan who belonged to Swat told reporter the people lauded the announcement of the Prime Minister for construction of this mega road.
There are various mitigation companies in the US, yet SWAT Environmental has outdone them all.
In 2009, Cardon contacted the Pierce County, Washington SWAT team and volunteered his services.
Owing to the efforts of the people of Swat, the army decided to launch a third offensive against the Taliban.
His son was arrested by the security forces," Mushtaq Khan, a spokesman for the army-run Swat Media Centre, told AFP by telephone.
Except religious right Jamaat-e-Islami and Thareek-e-Insaaf, led by cricketer turned politician Imran Khan, as well as some objections raised by government ally Maulana Fazlur Rahman, who opposed the military action in restive Swat region, almost all the political parties supported the ongoing military operation in Swat.
A TTP Swat spokesman had reportedly told Reuters: oHe is our guest.
Pakistan's scenic Swat valley has been virtually seized by local Taliban who support the war in Afghanistan against the U.
Instead, it moved forward blindly with plans to gut LAPD SWAT.
An "honorary deputy" with the Bedford County Sheriff's Department but untrained as a SWAT officer, Shaq apparently has gone on several such raids across the country.
The criteria, called an activation matrix, probably will be modeled after the one used by the Portland Police Bureau before each planned SWAT operation.