Saale

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Saale

(zäl`ə), river, c.265 mi (430 km) long, rising in the Fichtelgebirge, central Germany, and flowing generally N through E central Germany, past Jena, Naumberg (the head of navigation), and Halle, to the Elbe River SE of Magdeburg. The Weisser Elster, Ilm, and Unstrut are the chief tributaries. The Saale's picturesque course is flanked by numerous medieval castles. Wheat, barley, and sugar beets are grown in the fertile lower valley. On the upper part of the river are two large reservoirs, which bring tourism and support hydroelectric power plants. It is also called the Sächsische (Saxonian) or Thüringer Saale to distinguish it from the Fränkische (Franconian) Saale, which flows 84 mi (135 km) SW from the Thüringer Wald, through W Germany, to the Main River. The river has become heavily polluted, largely from chemical plants in industrialized regions such as Halle.

Saale

 

a river in the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany (the upper reaches), a left tributary of the Elbe. Length, 427 km; basin area, about 24,000 sq km. It rises in the spurs of the Fichtel Gebirge and flows in a deep forested valley along the Thuringian Plain and, below Naumburg, along the lowlands. Average discharge at Naumburg is 60 cu m per sec, and at the mouth, 100 cu m per sec. The high water levels are in winter and spring. It is navigable 175 km upstream from Naumburg. A system of canals (approximately 20 sluices) begins at Halle. There are a number of hydroelectric stations (at Hohenwarte, Bleiloch, and elsewhere). The cities of Saalfeld, Rudolstadt, Jena, Naumburg, Halle, Bernburg, and Kalbe are situated on the Saale (the GDR).

References in periodicals archive ?
Main valleys dissecting the Jaslo-Sanok Depression bear eight Pleistocene terrace steps, which were dated by Wojcik (2003) to the Elsterian, Saalian and Weichselian stages.
Long profiles of terraces mapped by Starkel (1965) in the middle segment (within the Carpathian reach) of the San River valley display both basin-(Rajskie-Solina) and dome-like (Myczkowce, Lesko) warping of Elsterian and Saalian straths (Fig.
According to Starkel (1971), uplift post-dating Saalian stages persisted in axial parts of the Beskidy Mts.
2005, Saalian supercycle, Mindel/Riss interglacial and Milankovitch's dating, Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 1573-1583.
The main objective of the current study is to report chronological data and determine the stratigraphical position of the Late Saalian (MIS6) and Middle Weichselian (MIS3) lacustrine sediments in the northeastern Baltic region.
The cores from the valleys revealed a sequence of Saalian and Elsterian tills and related aquatic deposits, but no interglacial sediments (Vaarsi & Kajak 1969; Raukas 1978).
Late Saalian marine sediments have been deposited in brackish-water conditions at the Prangli site in northern Estonia (Liivrand 1991) and in the coastal areas of western Latvia (Kalnina 2001).
Although not ideally correlated with depth, the rest of the OSL ages from SU1 refer to Late Saalian to Eemian age (151 [+ or -] 8 to 117 [+ or -] 9 ka) of the sediments.
Lacustrine environment at the Arumetsa site existed at least during Late Saalian time (MIS6), which is documented by the OSL age (151 [+ or -] 8 ka) and microfossil data from the clayey sediments at the bottom of the open-pit section.
In addition, we presume that the Late Saalian sediments at Arumetsa have been deposited earlier, in more severe climatic conditions than the known pre-Eemian deposits of the region (Kihnu Island, Core 21, Satiki, Prangli, Pohja-Uhtju), which are relatively rich in pollen and diatoms (Liivrand 1991, 2007; Kalnina 2001; Miettinen et al.
bradyi in this clay indicates a change to shallower water, which may be due to valley fill with sediments and an isostatic uplift following the Late Saalian glaciation.
2009) reported the [greater than or equal to] 140 ka old Late Saalian Sksrumhede Till in Denmark.