Sheba

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Sheba

(shē`bə). 1 In the Bible, rebel against David. 2 Queen of ShebaSheba,
biblical name of a region, called in Arabic Saba, of S Arabia, including present-day Yemen and the Hadhramaut. Its inhabitants were called Sabaeans or Sabeans. According to some passages in Genesis and First Chronicles, Sheba, a grandson of Noah's grandson Joktan, was the
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, who according the the Bible visited SolomonSolomon,
d. c.930 B.C., king of the ancient Hebrews (c.970–c.930 B.C.), son and successor of David. His mother was Bath-sheba. His accession has been dated to c.970 B.C. According to the Bible.
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 after hearing about the fame of his wisdom. In Arabic legend, Solomon and the queen, called Bilqis or Balkis, married. The Ethiopian royal line claimed descent from this union; the legendary Ethiopian king Menelik is said to be the son of Solomon and Makeda, as the queen was called. The queen is a figure in the Bible, the Qur'an, and the Kebra Nagast, Ethiopia's national epic.

Bibliography

See N. Clapp, Sheba: Through the Desert in Search of the Legendary Queen (2001).


Sheba,

biblical name of a region, called in Arabic Saba, of S Arabia, including present-day Yemen and the Hadhramaut. Its inhabitants were called Sabaeans or Sabeans. According to some passages in Genesis and First Chronicles, Sheba, a grandson of Noah's grandson Joktan, was the ancestor of the Sabaeans. According to other passages in those books, however, Sheba was a descendant of Abraham. The Semitic colonization of Ethiopia was established (10th cent. B.C.) from Sheba. In that century the biblical queen of Sheba (called in Muslim tradition Bilqis; see ShebaSheba
. 1 In the Bible, rebel against David. 2 Queen of Sheba, who according the the Bible visited Solomon after hearing about the fame of his wisdom. In Arabic legend, Solomon and the queen, called Bilqis or Balkis, married.
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, in the Bible) is said to have made her famous visit to Solomon.

Situated along the trade route from India to Africa, Sheba was known as a region of great wealth. Trade between Israel and Sheba is mentioned in First Kings. Elements of Sheba's culture, which was at its height between the 9th and 5th cent. B.C. (after the traditional dates for the reign of Solomon), is evidenced by the dam (since collapsed) near Marib, the capital of Sheba, and by the many inscriptions found there. Written in Himyaritic, a Semitic language, the inscribed characters derive from Phoenician writing. Ethiopia conquered (c.A.D. 525) Sheba. In 572, Sheba became a Persian province and, with the rise of Muhammad, fell under Islamic control and lost its separate identity.

Bibliography

See W. Phillips, Qataban and Sheba (1955); R. Le Baron Bowen et al., Archaeological Discoveries in South Arabia (1958).

Sheba

led an aborted revolt against King David. [O.T.: II Samuel 20: 1–2]

Sheba

1
1. the ancient kingdom of the Sabeans: a rich trading nation dealing in gold, spices, and precious stones (I Kings 10)
2. the region inhabited by this nation, located in the SW corner of the Arabian peninsula: modern Yemen

Sheba

2
Queen of Sheba Old Testament a queen of the Sabeans, who visited Solomon (I Kings 10:1--13)