Sabellianism

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Sabellianism

3rd-century Christian heresy led by Sabellius. [Christian Hist.: EB, VIII: 747]
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The word homoousios, at its first appearance in the middle of the third century, was therefore clearly connected with the theology of a Sabellian or monarchian tendency.
In his thought the word homoousios did not contradict the distinction of two divine ousiai, precisely because it was the heritage of the ancient Egyptian theology and of the revelation of Hermes Trismegistus, and had therefore nothing to do with the Sabellian or monarchian identification--theology of the one hypostasis.
We have seen that the word homoousios was used in the third century only by certain Monarchians (Libyan Sabellians and Paul of Samosata) to mean the uniqueness of God and the personal identity of the Son with the Father (identification-theology) and, with a different, simply analogical meaning, by Origen and Dionysius of Alexandria.
33) See Schleiermacher, "On the Discrepancy between the Sabellian and Athanasian Method of Representing the Doctrine of the Trinity in the Godhead," translated with an introduction and additional remarks by M.
According to Canon 95 of the Quinisext Ecumenical Council, Arians, Macedonians, Novatians (Cathari), Aristeri, Tetradites, and Apollinarians ought to be received on their presentation of certificates of faith and on their anathematizing every heresy by the anointing of the holy chrism, as opposed to Paulianists, Eunomeans, Montanists, and Sabellians, who ought to be rebaptized, while Manichoeans, Valentinians, Marcionites, Nestorians, Eutychians, Dioscorus, Severus, and all of similar heresies ought to give certificates of faith and anathematize each his own heresy in order to participate in the eucharist.
Among these factions were Paulinists, Johnnies, Samosatans, Sabellians, Trinity, Anti-Trinity, Meletians, Taints, Semi-Arians, Nicene or Attanasias (Catholic), and Donatiests.
Augustine is careful to note that John 10:30 declares of the Father and the Son that "we" are one, so that there are still two who are one--in opposition to the Sabellians, for whom the Father and the Son are the same.
Peter charged the Arians with dividing the Trinity, the Macedonians with the same, the Sabellians with confusing the unity of the Trinity, the Donatists with claiming to be the only true church, the Pelagians with relying on works not grace, and the Nestorians and Eutychians with denying the full divinity and humanity of Christ.
Sabellico charged that Muslims, "with the Sabellians deny the Trinity, with the Manichaeans divide the Godhead, they deny the equality of the Father and Son with Eunomius, with Macedonius they say the Holy Spirit is a creature, and with Nicolas they approve of having a multitude of women".
70) The writings composed later in Origen's life, however, as I noted earlier,(71) may refer to the later teachings of the Sabellians, who do seem to have spoken of one person.
1-2 in this study because the references to modalism in the later works have a greater probability of embracing views of later Sabellians.
47) Moreover, throughout the sermons of the Berlin manuscript he discusses the errors of Arians, Sabellians, and other heretics concerning the Trinity.