Saboraim

Saboraim

(säbōrä`ĭm) [Heb.,=expositors], in Judaism, title given to the Jewish scholars of the Babylonian academies in the period (6th–7th cent. A.D.) immediately following the AmoraimAmoraim
[Heb. amar=to interpret], in Judaism, term referring to those scholars, predominantly at Caesarea and Tiberias in Palestine (c.A.D. 220–c.A.D. 375) and in Babylonia (c.A.D. 200–c.A.D.
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 and preceding that of the GaonimGaonim
[Heb.,=excellencies], title given to the heads of the Jewish academies at Sura and Pumbedita in Babylonia immediately following the period of the Saboraim until the middle of the 11th cent.
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. Little is known about them. Gaonic sources indicate that the Saboraim did not make new additions to the law, but further explained the legal decisions of their predecessors and attempted to clarify certain ambiguities found in the Talmudic text. They are believed to have been responsible for the final redaction of the Babylonian Talmud.

Bibliography

See H. L. Strack, Introduction to the Talmud and Midrash (1931, rev. ed. 1991).

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