agar

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Agar

(ā`gər), the same as HagarHagar
or Agar
, according to the Book of Genesis, servant of Abraham's wife Sarah and mother of his eldest son, Ishmael. She and her son were sent out into the wilderness because of Sarah's jealousy. An angel aided her there.
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agar

(ä`gär, ā`–, ăg`är), product obtained from several species of red algae, or seaweedseaweed,
name commonly used for the multicellular marine algae. Simpler forms, consisting of one cell (e.g., the diatom) or of a few cells, are not generally called seaweeds; these tiny plants help to make up plankton.
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, chiefly from the Ceylon, or Jaffna, moss (Gracilaria lichenoides) and species of Gelidium, harvested in eastern Asia and California. Chemically, agar is a polymer made up of subunits of the sugar galactose; it is a component of the algae's cell walls. Dissolved in boiling water and cooled, agar becomes gelatinous; its chief uses are as a culture medium (particularly for bacteria) and as a laxative, but it serves also as a thickening for soups and sauces, in jellies and ice cream, in cosmetics, for clarifying beverages, and for sizing fabrics. See also RhodophytaRhodophyta
, phylum (division) of the kingdom Protista consisting of the photosynthetic organisms commonly known as red algae. Most of the world's seaweeds belong to this group.
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Agar

A major constituent of the cell walls of certain red algae, especially members of the families Gelidiaceae and Gracilariaceae. Extracted for its gelling properties, it is one of three algal polysaccharides of major economic importance, the others being alginate and carrageenan. Agar is composed of two similar fractions, agarose and agaropectin, in which the basic unit is galactose, linked alternately α-1,3-( d -galactose) and β-1,4-(α- l -galactose).

Agar is prepared by boiling the algae in water, after which the filtered solution is cooled, purified, and dried. It is an amorphous, translucent material that is packaged in granules, flakes, bricks, or sheets. One of its chief uses is as a gelling agent in media for culturing microorganisms. It is also used in making confections, as an emulsifier in cosmetics and food products, as a sizing agent, as an inert carrier of drugs in medicine, and as a laxative. See Culture

agar

[′äg·ər]
(materials)
A gelatinous product extracted from certain red algae and used chiefly as a gelling agent in culture media.

agar

a complex gelatinous carbohydrate obtained from seaweeds, esp those of the genus Gelidium, used as a culture medium for bacteria, a laxative, in food such as ice cream as a thickening agent (E406), etc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The other swab was used for fungal culture on Sabouraud's dextrose agar (Hi-Media, Mumbai, India) supplemented with 0.
A definitive diagnosis can be made by the identification of the yeast form of B dermatitidis grown in colonies on Sabouraud's dextrose agar at 37[degrees] C after a 1- to 4-week delay.
Out of that one was subjected for direct smear examination and other was inoculated on Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar and incubated at 25[degrees]C and 37[degrees]C aerobically.
The broth culture was streaked onto Sabouraud's dextrose agar with Chloramphenicol and incubated at 30[degrees]C for 1-7 days.
Hairs showing the whitish mycelial growth were transferred to freshly prepared Sabouraud's Dextrose Agar (SDA) for cultural growth and pure culture were maintained at 5oC in refrigerator.
Specimens were also cultured on two sets of media: Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA) plain and SDA with chloramphenicol (0.
Figure 3, 4] On culture with Sabouraud's dextrose agar typical dark green colonies of chromoblastomycosis were seen.
Inoculation of the collected skin scrapings and hairs was done on to Sabouraud's dextrose agar as per Scott (1988).
CULTURE FOR FUNGI IN SABORAUD'S DEXTROSE AGAR MEDIUM: Sabouraud's dextrose agar medium was used for isolation of fungi.
Collected skin scrapings and hairs were inoculated directly onto Sabouraud's dextrose agar (SDA) as per Scott (1988).
The second portion was cultured on Sabouraud's dextrose agar containing chloramphenicol (0.
Swabs collected from skin lesions were inoculated into sabouraud's dextrose agar with chloramphenicol.