Savoy

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Savoy

(səvoi`), Fr. Savoie, Alpine region of E France. The boundaries of old Savoy have changed with time, but presently the region comprises the departments of SavoieSavoie
, department (1990 pop. 351,400), SE France, bordering Italy. Chambéry is the capital.
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 and Haute-SavoieHaute-Savoie
department (1990 pop. 577,600), E France, in the northern part of the old duchy of Savoy. Annecy is the capital.
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. It is bounded on the N by Lake Geneva, on the W by the Rhône River, on the S by DauphinéDauphiné
, region and former province, SE France, bordering on Italy. It is now divided into three departments, Haute-Alpes, Isère, and Drôme. In the east the Alps culminate in the Barre des Écrins; their magnificent scenery attracts many tourists.
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, and on the E by the Alpine crest on the Swiss and Italian borders. ChambéryChambéry
, town (1990 pop. 55,603), capital of Savoie dept., E France, in the Alpine trough. It is a communications and commerce center as well as a railway and air transport hub. Manufactures include metals and construction materials.
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 is the historic capital of French Savoy. The region commands many important passes connecting France and Italy (notably the historic Little Saint BernardSaint Bernard,
two Alpine passes, both used since antiquity. The Great Saint Bernard (alt. 8,110 ft/2,472 m), on the Italian-Swiss border, links Valais canton, Switzerland, with Valle d'Aosta, Italy.
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 and the Mont CenisCenis, Mont
, Ital. Moncenisio, Alpine pass, 6,831 ft (2,082 m) high, on the French-Italian border. It is one of the great invasion routes in Italian history. Napoleon I built a new road there in 1810.
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) and includes the French portion of the highest Alpine peak, Mont BlancMont Blanc
, Alpine massif, on the French-Italian border, SE of Geneva. One of its several peaks, also called Mont Blanc (15,771 ft/4,807 m), is the highest peak in France and the second highest in Europe.
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. Agriculture and dairying have long been the region's chief occupations. Tourism is also important, and there are many spas, the most notable at Évian-les-BainsÉvian-les-Bains
or Évian,
town (1993 est. pop. 7,027), Haute-Savoie dept., E France, on Lake Geneva. It is a fashionable spa at the foot of the Alps. Évian-les-Bains's mineral water is bottled and exported to all parts of the world.
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. Savoy was inhabited by the AllobrogesAllobroges
, Celtic tribe in Gaul, inhabiting later Dauphiné and Savoy. They were conquered (121 B.C.) by Quintus Fabius Maximus, who was called Allobrogicus in commemoration of the victory. In the time of Julius Caesar they sided with Rome.
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 at the time Julius Caesar conquered the region. It became part of the first kingdom of BurgundyBurgundy
, Fr. Bourgogne , historic region, E France. The name once applied to a large area embracing several kingdoms, a free county (see Franche-Comté), and a duchy.
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 (5th cent.) and later of the kingdom of ArlesArles, kingdom of,
was formed in 933, when Rudolf II, king of Transjurane Burgundy, united the kingdom of Provence or Cisjurane Burgundy to his lands and established his capital at Arles.
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 (10th cent.), after which it was ceded to the Holy Roman Empire. In the 11th cent., Humbert the Whitehanded, a lord of Arles, consolidated the various feudal territories of the region, and from then on the region's history is closely linked with the house of Savoy (see Savoy, house ofSavoy, house of,
dynasty of Western Europe that ruled Savoy and Piedmont from the 11th cent., the kingdom of Sicily from 1714 to 1718, the kingdom of Sardinia from 1720 to 1861, and the kingdom of Italy from 1861 to 1946.
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). Under Amadeus VIII, Savoy became (early 15th cent.) a duchy extending far into France, Italy, and Switzerland. By the beginning of the 16th cent. the rule of the dukes had grown weak, and Savoy fell under French and Swiss dominance. Emmanuel Philibert greatly restored the territory and fortunes of the region and moved the ducal residence to Turin (1559), after which Savoy became essentially an Italian rather than a French state. When Victor Amadeus II became king of Sardinia in 1713, Savoy became a part of that new state (see Sardinia, kingdom ofSardinia, kingdom of,
name given to the possessions of the house of Savoy (see Savoy, house of) in 1720, when the island of Sardinia was awarded (by the Treaty of London) to Duke Victor Amadeus II of Savoy to compensate him for the loss of Sicily to Austria.
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). Annexed by France in 1792, Savoy was returned to Sardinia in 1815. Finally, by the Treaty of Turin (1860), PiedmontPiedmont
, Ital. Piemonte, region (1991 pop. 4,302,565), 9,807 sq mi (25,400 sq km), NW Italy, bordering on France in the west and on Switzerland in the north. Turin is the capital of the region, which is one of the richest in Italy.
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, then the ruling part of Savoy, ceded French Savoy to France. The region was annexed after a plebiscite.

Savoy

sumptuous hotel in London; at the time of its opening, it set new standards of luxury. [Br. Hist.: EB, 8: 1118]
See: Luxury

Savoy

1
a noble family of Italy that ruled over the duchy of Savoy and became the royal house of Italy (1861--1946): the oldest reigning dynasty in Europe before the dissolution of the Italian monarchy

Savoy

2
an area of SE France, bordering on Italy, mainly in the Savoy Alps: a duchy in the late Middle Ages and part of the Kingdom of Sardinia from 1720 to 1860, when it became part of France
References in periodicals archive ?
El pasto saboya se obtuvo de una parcela establecida en el Campus Experimental "La Maria" de Facultad de Ciencias Pecuarias de la UTEQ.
Resulta mucho mas probable que el verdadero motivo de la boda con Juana de Saboya fuera el llegar a un mejor entendimiento con el Papado y los Reinos de Occidente, que hasta hace algunos anos habian visto con beneplacito las ambiciones de Carlos de Valois sobre Constantinopla y los territorios del otrora Imperio Latino (5).
La estancia de Amadeo de Saboya en el verano de 1872, la presencia de Isabel II y Alfonso XII en 1876 incorpora Santander a las preferencias de la moda, compartiendo con San Sebastian el rango de corte estival, como queda reflejado en las cronicas veraniegas de los diarios y semanales del momento.
Catalina Micaela tomo por esposo al duque Carlos Manuel de Saboya, el 10 de marzo de 1585, partiendo hacia Turin con dieciocho anos.
La banda que operaba en Saboya estaba dirigida por los hermanos Romero, de filiacion liberal (El Ariete, 23 de noviembre de 1932), considerada una de las mas temibles porque ademas de intimidar y asesinar a las victimas, las descuartizaban; practicas terroristas para intimar a la poblacion.
Este desplazamiento geografico de las actuaciones en <<el negocio de Polonia>> provoco que en algunos casos, como con el duque de Saboya o con la constitucion de la Santa Liga, Madrid pudiera servirse de estas actuaciones como argumento favorable en otros asuntos y otras regiones geopoliticas.
Estos ultimos son unas prosopopeyas en prosa y en verso en que, resucitando ecos dantescos y petrarquescos, Italia, imaginada como una doncella perseguida y desamparada, se queja pidiendo proteccion a Venecia, a Saboya y al papa como baluartes de su independencia frente al acoso de espanoles y franceses (31).
This major issue of fouling in membranes can be trounced by regular cleaning of membranes at appropriate time intervals, use of low fouling membranes, membrane modules with suitable channel heights, by applying high pressure, application of electric potential, ultrasound waves, microturbulence, ceramic membranes, uniform transmembrane pressure (UTP), vibrating and rotating disc modules, use of turbulent flow of liquids (Vishwanathan and Ben, 1989; Saboya and Maubois, 2000; Duriyabunleng et al.
5 Lote de pastoreo con las especies pasto kikuyo Pennisetum clandestinum, pasto saboya Holcus lanatus, pasto azul orchoro Dactylisglomerata y trebol Trifolium sp.
with photos) MADRID, May 28 (KUNA) -- Kuwaiti Ambassador to Spain Adel Hamad Al-Ayyar has delivered his credentials to the Foreign Minister of the Principality of Andorra, Gilbert Saboya Sunye, as the first non-resident diplomat of the Gulf State to the Principality.
Gilbert Saboya Sunye, heads of diplomatic missions accredited to Strasbourg and representatives of the Armenian community.
O estudo Ludoterapia de Crianca com Sindrome de Asperger: Estudo de Caso, de Fernanda Pereira Horta Rodrigues, da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Maira Bonafe Sei, da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, e Sergio Luiz Saboya Arruda, da Universidade Estadual de Campinas, objetivou discutir o processo psicoterapeutico de um menino de 12 anos com diagnostico de Sindrome de Asperger, atendido em um ambulatorio de psicoterapia de um hospital publico.