Sabratha

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Sabratha

 

an ancient city in Libya, on the Mediterranean Sea, west of the city of Tripoli. Founded by the Phoenicians in the first half of the first millennium B.C.

One of the most important centers of trade with Italy, Sabra-tha flourished during the period of Roman domination (for the most part, during the first few centuries A.D.). In the fifth century A.D. the city was captured by the Vandals, and during the sixth century it fell under the power of Byzantium. The city was destroyed by the Arabs in the seventh century. Excavations of Sabratha began in 1923.

The early core of the city, with its irregular street layout, is located near the port area. Situated to the south, west, and east are structures dating from Roman and Byzantine times, including the remnants of a forum and the Byzantine Basilica of Justinian (sixth century), with its mosaic floor (now in the Sabratha Archaeological Museum). The regularly laid out quarters are located to the southeast; adjoining them to the south is a large theater (dating from the end of the second to the beginning of the third centuries), which is ornamented with sculpture. Thermal baths, richly decorated with mosaics and sculpture, have also been discovered.

REFERENCES

Haynes, D. E. L. An Archaeological and Historical Guide to the Pre-Islamic Antiquities of Tripolitania. Tripoli [1956]. Pages 107–34.
Caputo, G. Il teatro di Sabratha. Rome, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
A funding deal that includes the provision of equipment, boats and salaries was made with the two most powerful militias in the western Libyan city of Sabrata, which is the biggest launching point for the African migrants in their attempt to cross the Mediterranean.
Ils ont par la suite, rejoint un groupe de 650 immigres clandestins a Sabrata, a l'ouest de Tripoli, et pris le large, dans la nuit du 9 au 10 mai, vers les cotes italiennes.
They subsequently joined a group of 650 illegal immigrants in Sabrata, west of Tripoli, and sailed, on the night of 9 to 10 May, to the Italian coast.
The agency has charged Sabrata Kumar Sahoo ( Kalia) and Debashish Dey under sections 354 C and 292 of IPC for watching or capturing the image of a woman engaging in a private act and the sale of obscene content, respectively along with Information Technology Act 2000.
Si l'intervention americaine a Syrte se fait a la demande du gouvernement d'union nationale, les Etats-Unis, - qui frappent Daech en Irak et en Syrie depuis 2014 -, avaient mene des frappes ciblees contre Daech ailleurs en Libye, tuant en novembre 2015 a Derna (est) un terroriste presente comme [beaucoup moins que] le plus haut responsable du groupe en Libye [beaucoup plus grand que], et en fevrier 2016 une cinquantaine de personnes dans un batiment abritant des terroriste a Sabrata (nord-ouest).
The Arabic language Press news agency said the operation to arrest Muhammad Saad Al-Tajuri in his hideout was carried out after the terrorist group's members attacked on Tuesday the city of Sabrata in western Libya.
Twenty cases of osteosarcomas were identified through the orthopedic and general pathology departments of Sabrata Tumor Institute and Tripoli Medical Center in the North-western region of Libya between the years 1998 and 2008, which were used as the cases.
Le journal Achark al Awsat, base a Londres, a affirme, mardi, que des sources libyennes haut placees ont confirme l'arrestation du chef d'Ansar charia, a Sabrata et non a Misrata, comme le bruit en avait couru, lundi.
As of that date, UNHCR registered and provided attestation letters to 712 persons of concern in the following detention facilities: Sabah, Brak Shat, Surman, Al Khums, Zliten, Tawaysha and Sabrata.
Por ello, en la antiguedad clasica Libia fue un espacio para la colonizacion de fenicios, griegos, cartagineses, egipcios y romanos, que fundaron las ciudades en la estrecha franja fertil en la costa mediterranea: los fenicios fundaron Oea, Labda y Sabrata que eventualmente se fusionaron para constituir lo que los griegos llamaron Tripoli (tri-polis: tres ciudades), controlando una zona que los romanos llamaron Tripolitania que siempre estuvo mas vinculada a Europa a traves de la peninsula iberica y al Magreb (Tunez y Argelia).
Oea, Leptis y Sabrata pertenecian a la Africa Proconsular y la Tripolitania, zonas que habian obtenido un alto nivel de civilizacion y de desarrollo economico muy importante durante el Alto Imperio.
Statilius Capella, a Roman equestrian of Sabrata in Africa, a woman