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an ancient city in Libya, on the Mediterranean Sea, west of the city of Tripoli. Founded by the Phoenicians in the first half of the first millennium B.C.

One of the most important centers of trade with Italy, Sabra-tha flourished during the period of Roman domination (for the most part, during the first few centuries A.D.). In the fifth century A.D. the city was captured by the Vandals, and during the sixth century it fell under the power of Byzantium. The city was destroyed by the Arabs in the seventh century. Excavations of Sabratha began in 1923.

The early core of the city, with its irregular street layout, is located near the port area. Situated to the south, west, and east are structures dating from Roman and Byzantine times, including the remnants of a forum and the Byzantine Basilica of Justinian (sixth century), with its mosaic floor (now in the Sabratha Archaeological Museum). The regularly laid out quarters are located to the southeast; adjoining them to the south is a large theater (dating from the end of the second to the beginning of the third centuries), which is ornamented with sculpture. Thermal baths, richly decorated with mosaics and sculpture, have also been discovered.


Haynes, D. E. L. An Archaeological and Historical Guide to the Pre-Islamic Antiquities of Tripolitania. Tripoli [1956]. Pages 107–34.
Caputo, G. Il teatro di Sabratha. Rome, 1959.
References in periodicals archive ?
They are now dispersed - westward to Sabratha, southwest to Sabha, and southeast to the Sudan border.
4) It also established training camps near Sabratha to the west of Tripoli, (5) a town that serves as a major smuggling hub for refugees on their way to Europe.
Journalist Robert Young Pelton, experienced in conflict reporting, told the channel that Sabratha was selected by the group to be its new center, as they receive many recruits from Tunisia.
In the aftermath of weeks of conflict in the Libyan coastal city of Sabratah, IOM, the UN Migration Agency is providing support to more than 14,000 migrants, previously held in numerous informal detention centres and camps and now transferred to Zuwara and an assembly point in Sabratha.
GENEVA, OCT 17 (KUNA) -- The International Organization for Migration (IOM) on Tuesday said that it is providing support to more than 14,000 migrants, previously held in numerous informal detention centers and camps and now transferred to Zuwara and an assembly point in Sabratha in Libya.
They came as three weeks of fighting around the Libyan city of Sabratha has destabilised militias that pledged to help reduce the flow of migrant smuggling across the Mediterranean Sea, leaving many migrants and refugees displaced.
raid against a house in Sabratha on February 2016, was handed over by Libyan authorities on Monday to a visiting Foreign Ministry delegation.
TEHRAN (FNA)- More than 3,000 illegal migrants have been arrested in Libya's Northwestern city of Sabratha, as the country's unity government authorities push a crackdown on human trafficking to Europe.
TRIPOLI: Two weeks of clashes between rival armed groups in the city of Sabratha sparked by a lethal shooting at a checkpoint have left 26 dead and 170 wounded, the health ministry said on Friday.
Last month, Reuters reported that an armed group was stopping departures from the city of Sabratha, which had been the main springboard for smuggling for the past two years, although some boats are still getting through.
The migrants, all of them from Africa, had left Libya's coastal town of Sabratha three days earlier, Mongi Slim, an official in the Tunisian Red Crescent, told state news agency TAP.
Un raid americain avait cible, en fevrier dernier, deux maisons a Sabratha a environ 100 kilometres de la frontiere tuniso-libyenne.