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Sagunto(sägo͞on`tō), Latin Saguntum, town (1990 pop. 58,135), Valencia prov., E Spain, on the Palencia River, in Valencia. A seaport on the Mediterranean, it is an important metallurgical center, with iron and steel foundries. Saguntum was an ally of Rome when it was besieged and captured (219–218 B.C.) by the Carthaginians under Hannibal. This led to the Second Punic War (see Punic WarsPunic Wars,
three distinct conflicts between Carthage and Rome. When they began, Rome had nearly completed the conquest of Italy, while Carthage controlled NW Africa and the islands and the commerce of the W Mediterranean.
..... Click the link for more information. ). Saguntum was conquered by the Romans (214 B.C.) and made a municipium. On a ridge above the present city are important Roman remains, notably a well-preserved theater. The city fell to the Moors and was called Murviedro until its old name was restored in 1877. In 1874 the restoration of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty was proclaimed there.
a city in eastern Spain, near the Mediterranean coast, in the region and province of Valencia. Population, 47,000 (1970). Sagunto is one of Spain’s main metallurgical centers. It also has a wine industry and a vegetable-oil industry.
an industrial town in E Spain, near Valencia: allied to Rome and made a heroic resistance to the Carthaginian attack led by Hannibal (219--218 bc). Pop.: 58 287 (2003 est.)