Sahel


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Related to Sahel: Maghreb

Sahel

(sähĕl`), name applied to the semiarid region of Africa between the SaharaSahara
[Arab.,=desert], world's largest desert, c.3,500,000 sq mi (9,065,000 sq km), N Africa; the western part of a great arid zone that continues into SW Asia. Extending more than 3,000 mi (4,830 km), from the Atlantic Ocean to the Red Sea, the Sahara is bounded on the N by
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 to the north and the savannassavanna
or savannah
, tropical or subtropical grassland lying on the margin of the trade wind belts. The climate of a savanna is characterized by a rainy period during the summer when the area is covered by grasses, and by a dry winter when the grasses wither.
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 to the south, extending from Senegal and Mauritania on the west, through Mali, N Burkina Faso, Niger, N Nigeria, and Chad, to Sudan and Eritrea on the east. It has more rainfall (8–16 in./20–40 cm) and better grazing lands than the Sahara, but it is periodically afflicted by droughts that reduce its normally meager water supply and shatter its grazing and agricultural economy. A particularly prolonged and devastating drought from 1967 to 1974 contributed to the starvation of of hundreds of thousands of people, and forced the mass migration southward of many others.

Sahel

 

the narrow (320–480 km) band of semideserts and desert savannas in Africa that are transitional between the deserts of the Sahara and the characteristic topography of the Sudan. The Sahel stretches for more than 4 million sq km from Mauritania and Senegal in the west through Mali, Upper Volta, and Niger to Chad and the borders of the Sudan. The area of the Sahel varies from year to year, depending on the amount of annual precipitation (100–350 mm) in the north to 300–600 mm in the south). Rain falls in the summer for a period ranging from two or three weeks to three months, but 80 or 90 percent of the moisture evaporates. The Sahel is periodically subject to disastrous droughts, when virtually the entire area becomes uninhabitable desert; this was the case in 1941 and 1942 and from 1972 to 1975.

The northern Sahel has mostly sparse semidesert vegetation, such as turf grasses, shrubs, and low-growing trees, especially acacias. This region is inhabited by nomadic herders who raise cattle, sheep, and goats. In the southern Sahel, sparse thorn forests, groves of palms (doom and palmyra), and baobabs predominate. Nomads and communities of settled land cultivators live in the area, and millet and peanuts are grown.

sahel

[sə′hel]
(ecology)
A region having characteristics of a savanna or a steppe and bordering on a desert.
(meteorology)
A strong dust-bearing desert wind in Morocco.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Council appointed Angel Losada Fernandez as the EU Special Representative (EUSR) for the Sahel until 28 February 2017.
Anantara Al Sahel Villa Resort will host three special Braii evenings in its traditional Boma, on September 19, 24 and 26 and traditional South African dishes will be served such as Boerewors, Oxtail Potjie, Lambb Bredi and Milk tart for desert.
Africa's Sahel region has suffered terrorism, weak governance, and droughts, which have contributed to the food insecurity crisis, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) said in a joint statement.
PARIS - France said Sunday its military offensive that freed northern Mali from the grip of Islamists would be replaced by an operation spanning the wider, largely lawless Sahel region to combat extremist violence.
France's defence minister, Jean-Yves Le Drian, announced in May this year that France was to fight militant Islamists across the vast Sahel region, or what he referred to as the "Sahara-Sahel strip".
Addressing the meeting of the Executive council of the Sahel and Sahara Grouping Wednesday at the Friendship Hall, Karti said that the agenda of the ministerial meeting of the Sahel and Sahara Grouping is full with political, security and economic issues, expressing his confidence that the grouping will live up to its role solving these problems thanks to the cooperation between the member states.
Shortly after his plane had landed, in front of a packed crowd that had come to greet him at the airport, Mr Ban insisted: "We have come here to demonstrate our solidarity with the people of Mali and Sahel.
The project--known as Resilience and Economic Growth in Sahel--will benefit more than 2 million vulnerable people by addressing the structural causes of chronic food insecurity and nutritional vulnerability in the Sahel region of West Africa.
UNITED NATIONS -- Pakistan has called on the international community to step up its efforts to mobilize resources for the implementation of UN Integrated Strategy for Africa's Sahel that sets out major national and regional development priorities aimed at stabilizing the region.
Although they expressed mounting concerns over the deteriorating security situation on their southern flank, one should note that the rising disputes, especially between Morocco and Algeria, and their partners' reluctance to go further in the establishment of political, economic and security partnership with the Sahel neighboring states, have cast their shadows over the conference that tackled the security challenges, particularly the mayhem in Libya.
Foreign ministers from countries across the Sahel and North Africa and other officials regional and international partners and organisations are attending the conference which seeks to look for ways to boost border security.
Global Banking News-November 5, 2013--International lenders promise USD8m to Africa's Sahel countries(C)2013 ENPublishing - http://www.