Sailing Fleet

Sailing Fleet

 

a naval fleet consisting of sailing vessels. Permanent fleets appeared in the 17th century in Great Britain, France, and other Western European countries.

In Russia, a permanent regular sailing fleet was created in the early 18th century by Peter I. The first victory of the Russian fleet as won by Commander N. A. Seniavin’s squadron, which defeated a Swedish squadron in the battle of Ösel (1719). In the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–91 the Black Sea Fleet, under the command of F. F. Ushakov, gained major victories by the use of new tactics that were based on a combination of maneuvering and firing. Numerous important geographic discoveries were made by sailors of the Russian fleet. These include the discovery of the northwestern coast of North America in the 18th century, 42 circumnavigations and partial circumnavigations in the 19th century, and the voyage of F. F. Bellingshausen and M. P. Lazarev to Antarctica aboard the sloops Vostok and Mirnyi (1819–21).

In the mid-19th century all major countries began building steamships. The sailing fleet declined in importance, although sailing ships continued to constitute the nucleus of navies. The battle of Sinope in 1853 was the last battle fought by sailing fleets. After the Crimean War (1853–56), all countries began building fleets of ironclad steamships. In the latter part of the 19th century, propeller-driven steamships often continued to make use of sails but only in an auxiliary capacity.

References in periodicals archive ?
They have an extensive sailing fleet suitable for both novices and professionals and offer a wide range of services including amateur, corporate and professional regattas.
com)-- Trilogy Excursions has added a 64-foot catamaran, "Trilogy II," to its sailing fleet.
Snow added: "Multi-million dollar maxis come down and then they go, but they are not part of the regular sailing fleet.
THREE SuperSeaCats are joiningHoverspeed's sailing fleet from Dover to Calais and Ostend.
The Port Health Authority acted following complaints from the Port of Truro Oyster Dregders Association - operators of the world's only oyster dredging sailing fleet - and the Port of Falmouth Sailing Association.
Your total cost will probably be far less than maintaining and staffing your own sailing fleet and launch site facility.
Indeed, Hagan reserves one of his most pointed passages to observe that Nelson's great victory at Trafalgar at the head of a wooden sailing fleet was "largely irrelevant" to the steam-powered, iron-clad American navy that was in service by the time Mahan was writing.
NYC painted all of its support, mark and RC boats with a copper free (cuprous oxide free) paint, GHYC switched part of its sailing fleet, and boat yards through special Nantucket Race Week discounts with ePaint(a NRW Sponsor) have converted numerous motor and sail customer.
The company is a division of The Moorings, the premier charter sailing company, which pioneered the charter sailing fleet concept over 35 years ago.
Built in 1897, the Wawona, a sailing schooner and the only survivor of the once immense commercial sailing fleet in the Pacific Northwest, sunk when heavy snowfalls, which have impacted the Northwest area, accumulated on a shed protecting her.
TROJAN and Organised Kaos shared honours in the Cruiser Fleet division as the Bahrain Yacht Club sailing fleets continued their Winter Series on the waters off Sitra, with two short races in the day to keep everyone on their toes.
The ceremony is a grand maritime tradition that pays homage to the sailing fleets of the world.