Saint Gotthard


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Saint Gotthard:

see SzentgotthárdSzentgotthárd
, town (1991 est. pop. 8,680), W Hungary, on the Rába River near the Austrian border. In 1664, Montecucculi defeated the Turks at Szentgotthárd. The town is also known as St. Gotthard.
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, Hungary.

Saint Gotthard

(sānt gŏt`hərd, gŏt`ərd), mountain group of the Lepontine Alps, S central Switzerland, rising to Pizzo Rotondo (10,472 ft/3,192 m high). The Reuss, Rhine, Ticino, and Rhône rivers rise there. It is crossed by the Saint Gotthard Pass, 6,935 ft (2,114 m) high. The pass, first extensively used in the 11th cent., has been important since then. It is crossed by the St. Gotthard Road (built 1820–30). The St. Gotthard Railway (built 1872–80), which links the northern and southern parts of Switzerland, passes through St. Gotthard Tunnel (9.3 mi/15 km long; maximum alt. 3,786 ft/1,154 m), one of the longer Alpine tunnels. A second, 35.4-mi (57-km) rail tunnel, the Gotthard Base Tunnel (built 1999–2016), is the longest tunnel in the world. It runs as deep as 1.4 mi (2.3 km) under the mountains from Erstfled (N) to Bodio (S), and bypasses the pass and the St. Gotthard Railway entirely. The Saint Gotthard Road Tunnel was opened in 1980; 10.2 mi (16.4 km) long and with a capacity of 1,500 vehicles per hour, it greatly improved road transportation between Switzerland and Italy.

Saint Gotthard

1. a range of the Lepontine Alps in SE central Switzerland
2. a pass over the St Gotthard mountains, in S Switzerland. Height: 2114 m (6935 ft.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The new Saint Gotthard tunnel will allow lorries, transferred to rail, to pass through Europe's most formidable barrier in less than half an hour.
Construction of the Saint Gotthard tunnel involves a Japanese tunnelling machine 300 metres long, one of the largest pieces of civil engineering equipment ever used.
Joubert, Moreau's successor, at Novi (near Carpi) (August 15), and pursued the French back toward Genoa; his pursuit was halted by news of the entry of Championnet's army into Italy via the Mount Cenis Pass, but Suvorov's reaction to this move was curtailed when he was ordered into Switzerland to support Rimsky-Korsakov's army near Zurich (September); Suvorov fought his way over the Saint Gotthard Pass (September 24-25), only to learn of Rimsky-Korsakov's defeat by Massena at Zurich (September 25) two days later and was forced to undertake a difficult and hazardous march from Glarus to Ilanz on the upper Rhine; Czar Paul relieved him of command (January 21, 1800), and he was recalled to St.