Saintpaulia


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Related to Saintpaulia: Saintpaulia ionantha

Saintpaulia

 

a genus of perennial herbs of the family Ges-neriaceae. The plants generally have a short, sometimes spreading stem and rosettes of succulent, downy, rounded leaves. The flowers are in dichasial inflorescences. The perianth is five-parted, and the calyx is symphyllous. The large corolla, which has a short tube, is violet, purple, pink, or white. The ovary is hairy. The fruit is an elongate capsule with tiny seeds.

There are about 12 species, distributed mainly in the mountain forests in tropical East Africa. The African violet (S. ionantha) grows in Tanzania. Saintpaulia was first cultivated in Europe at the end of the 19th century and soon became a popular house plant. Flowering may occur almost year-round. The plants are easily propagated from leaf cuttings.

References in periodicals archive ?
Most are derived from Saintpaulia ionantha, named after Baron Walter von Saint Paul-Ilaire, who discovered the species in central Africa in 1892.
CHOOSE YOUR COLOUR: a range of modern; Saintpaulia hybrids
a) Who was the African violet, Saintpaulia, named after?
A: Saintpaulias (African Violets) are one of the kinds of flowers which are protected, as most kinds of vegetables are, under the Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964.
Saintpaulias, or African violets, aren't hardy so it should be kept as a houseplant.
com# USED properly, Osmogro claims it will help water most common and popular flowering and foliage houseplants including african violets or saintpaulias, azalea, begonia, gerbera, calathea, chrysanthemum, cyclamen, cineraria, euonymus, euphorbia, ferns, fuchsia, impatiens, geraniums, hibiscus, hydrangea, ivy (hedera), jasmine, kalanchoe, plumbago, poinsettia, primula and kitchen herbs like basil, rosemary, parsley, coriander and even indoor tomato plants.
Others are rarely out of flower including the saintpaulias, some varieties of euphorbia, chrysanthemums, even certain cacti.
The ideal temperature for Saintpaulias is 18-24C, so they're ideal houseplants.