Sakha Republic


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Related to Sakha Republic: Yakut Republic

Sakha Republic

(säkh`ä), formerly

Yakut Republic

(yəko͞ot`) or

Yakutia

(yəko͞o`shēə), constituent republic (1995 pop. 1,035,000), c.1,200,000 sq mi (3,108,000 sq km), NE Siberian Russia. YakutskYakutsk
, city (1989 pop. 187,000), capital of the Sakha Republic, E Siberian Russia, a major port on the Lena River. It is also a highway center and has tanneries, sawmills, and brickworks. Yakutsk was founded in 1632.
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 is the capital. The Sakha Republic is bounded in the N by the Laptev and East Siberian seas of the Arctic Ocean, in the S by the Stanovoy Range, in the W by the Central Siberian Uplands, and in the E by the Verkhoyansk Range. It also encompasses the New Siberian and Lyakhov islands in the Arctic Ocean.

More than 40% of the republic lies inside the Arctic Circle. One of the world's coldest inhabited regions, it has extremely severe winters and short summers; temperatures of −89°F; (−67°C;) have been recorded in some cities. The terrain is largely plain, with tundra in the north and taiga elsewhere. The Lena, Yana, Indigirka, and Kolyma rivers cross the republic, which includes virtually the entire Lena basin. There are many lakes in the lowlands. The rivers are used for navigation (during the summer) and for flotage and have great hydroelectric potential. The Yakutsk-Skovorodino highway is the chief overland route. The republic has the Baykal-Amur Mainline (BAM), and another rail line from the Trans-Siberian RR to Yakutsk. Air transport and winter sledging are widespread.

Agriculture is possible only in the south, along the Lena and its tributaries. Wheat, barley, rye, and leaf and root vegetables are grown. Diamond mining is the republic's main industry; it is centered in Mirny, which has one of the world's largest diamond-processing plants. Other minerals include gold, tin, and uranium. Lumbering, fishing, hunting, fur breeding and trapping, livestock raising (especially horses), and reindeer herding are also important economic activities. Much lumber is exported. The Sakha Republic has printing works, food-processing plants, and factories that produce cement and other building materials, clothing, and leather footwear. Bone carving has long been a noted art among the Yakut, who make up about one third of the population; most of the remainder are Russians (50%), and there are small Evenki, Eveny, and Chukchi minorities. About half the people are urban dwellers. The republic has a university and a branch of the Siberian section of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The Yakut, who speak a Turkic language with Mongolian influence, settled around the Lena River between the 13th and 15th cent. Russian colonization began after the establishment of a fort at Yakutsk in 1632. Many Yakut were converted to Orthodox Christianity, but shamanism is still practiced. Gold mining started in the middle of the 19th cent. An autonomous republic was organized in 1922 and was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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). It has a 205-member parliament.

Sakha Republic

, Yakutia
an administrative division in E Russia, in NE Siberia on the Arctic Ocean: the coldest inhabited region of the world; it has rich mineral resources. Capital: Yakutsk. Pop.: 948 100 (2002). Area: 3 103 200 sq. km (1 197 760 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Even for the Sakha Republic, famous for its harsh cold, this
Dubai: The General Secretary of the UAE National Olympic Committee (UAE NOC) expressed confidence that the UAE's young athletes will excel at the Sixth Children of Asia International Sports Games hosted by Sakha Republic in Russia.
A delegation from the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) in the Russian Federation, led by President Egor A.
Hunters killed 730 wolves in the Sakha republic in 2011.
Vasily Vasiliev, vice rector of North-Eastern Federal University of the Sakha Republic, signed the pact with Hwang Woo-Suk of South Korea's Sooam Biotech Research Foundation this week.
The author and the three women who traveled with her on a north-to-south journey interviewed mothers and grandmothers from the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Alaska and across the United States.
The four-engine plane had just taken off from the city of Mirny in the Sakha Republic.
The 6th International Moose Symposium was held in eastern Siberia, Russia in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia) on 13-21 August 2008, marking the first Moose Symposium held in modern Russia.
The president of Sakha Republic recommends a consortium handle deliveries of Russian gas to East Asia.
Genoil (GNOLF) has inked a deal for the development of five oil and gas fields in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Russia, with recoverable reserves of 1.
The book will be presented as a gift by Chairman of the State Assembly of the Sakha Republic Alexander Zhirkov.
Colonel Humaid Al Ansari, Director, Dubai Police Sports Affairs Department, who was also the main organiser, was joined by Dmitriy Glushko, Vice-President, Sakha Republic of Yakutia, Georgiy Balakshin, First Deputy Minister of Sports, Sakha Republic of Yakutia, Innokentiy Grigortev, Director of Republican Centre of National Sports, and Dmitry Menshov, Vice-President, International Mas Wrestling Federation at the presentation after the final.