Salamanders


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Salamander in the flames, being tended by an alchemist, seventeenth century. Courtesy Fortean Picture Library.

Salamanders

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Some Wiccan traditions that use ideas from Ceremonial Magic acknowledge elemental beings as "Guardians of the Watchtowers" of the four corners of the ritual Circle. These elementals are creatures that personify the qualities of Air, Fire,

Water, and Earth. The element of Air, in the east, is associated with the elemental spirits known as Sylphs. Fire, in the south, is associated with Salamanders; Water, in the west, with Undines; and Earth, in the north, with Gnomes.

According to tradition, Salamanders taught humankind the use of fire. They are sometimes seen at night as balls of light floating over bodies of water or marshy ground. St. Elmo's Fire is the Christianized name for this phenomenon. Salamanders are usually depicted as lizardlike creatures, sometimes partly human.

References in periodicals archive ?
But salamanders are the only four-legged animals that can fully regenerate entire limb bones, nerves and muscles throughout their lifetimes.
Tiger salamanders live most of their lives underground, traveling through burrows in upland habitat for up to one mile to breed in ponds.
The southern Chinese city of Shenzhen suspended 14 police officers and put a police chief under investigation on Tuesday on suspicion of feasting on an endangered giant salamander, state media reported.
In the mid-1970s, studies conducted in New Hampshire determined that land-dwelling salamanders existed in tremendous numbers in eastern forests.
The research team has identified a key difference between the activity of this pathway in salamanders and mammals, which helps us to understand why humans can't regrow limbs and sheds light on how regeneration of human cells can be improved.
We're losing more and more of our salamanders every year as developments isolate, diminish and fragment habitat, creating more complicated and extensive killing grids that challenge their very survival.
The spotted salamanders (Ambystoma maculatum) usually inhabit in forests in southern Turkish provinces of Hatay, Adana and KahramanmaraE-, says Erol Atay, Assistant Head of Department of Zoology from Hatay Mustafa Kemal University.
When Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, and The Who were playing at the Monterey Pop Festival in June 1967, the Santa Cruz long-toed salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum croceum) was struggling to survive.
In order to test this hypothesis, we collected 77 salamanders using minnow traps from the flooded Agsite Pond/Swalls Lake in Ward County in northwestern North Dakota.
Females attach their fertilized eggs to underwater plant growth, and the tiny aquatic larval salamanders, bearing frilly external gills on either side of the head, emerge after a few weeks.
Salamanders are important components of many spring and headwater-stream communities and they often are the most abundant vertebrates in these habitats (Burton and Likens, 1975; Peterman et al.
On one night, every year, spotted salamanders take a hike.