Salamis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Salamis: Plataea

Salamis

(săl`əmĭs), ancient city on Cyprus, once the principal city. St. Paul visited it on his first missionary journey (Acts 13.5). Excavations there revealed the ruins of a Greek theater; there are also many Roman ruins. At nearby Enkomi, which preceded Salamis as the principal city of Cyprus, important Mycenaean remains have been found.

Salamis,

island, E Greece, in the Saronic Gulf, W of Athens. It early belonged to AeginaAegina
or Aíyina
, island (1991 pop. 12,430), 32 sq mi (83 sq km), off SE Greece, in the Saronic Gulf (or Gulf of Aegina), near Athens. Sponge fishing and farming (figs, almonds, grapes, olives, and pistachios) are the most important occupations.
..... Click the link for more information.
 but was later under Athenian control, except for a brief period after it was occupied (c.600 B.C.) by Megara. In the Persian WarsPersian Wars,
500 B.C.–449 B.C., series of conflicts fought between Greek states and the Persian Empire. The writings of Herodotus, who was born c.484 B.C., are the great source of knowledge of the history of the wars.
..... Click the link for more information.
 the allied Greek fleet, led by ThemistoclesThemistocles
, c.525–462 B.C., Athenian statesman and naval commander. He was elected one of the three archons in 493 B.C. In succeeding years many of his rivals were eliminated by ostracism and he became the chief figure of Athenian politics.
..... Click the link for more information.
, decisively defeated (480 B.C.) the Persians off Salamis.

Salamis

 

an island in the Aegean Sea, near the coast of Attica (Greece), around which a naval battle occurred on Sept. 28 (or 27), 480 B.C., during the Greco-Persian Wars.

After a naval battle off Cape Artemisium, the Greek Navy withdrew into the Salamis Strait and assumed a battle formation in two lines of ships along the Salamis shore. (The Greek Navy consisted of 350 to 380 triremes under the command of Eurybiades, who was operating in accordance with a plan worked out by the Athenian general Themistocles.) The approaching Persian Navy (more than 800 ships), under the command of King Xerxes, arranged themselves during the night in a dense battle order of three lines opposite the Greek Navy. As many as 200 Persian ships blocked the exits from the strait. In the morning the Greek ships attacked the right flank of the Persians. The densely congested battle order of the Persians prevented them from taking advantage of their numerical superiority. The Persian ships, unable to maneuver, became entangled and ran aground. Acting vigorously, the Greeks rammed and boarded the enemy ships. Xerxes’ brother Ariamenes was killed in the battle, and soon the Persian right wing was smashed. The remaining Persian ships fled in panic. The Persians lost 200 ships, and the Greeks, 40.

Salamis

Xerxes’ horde repulsed by numerically inferior Greek navy (480 B.C.). [Class. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 219]
See: Battle

Salamis

an island in the Saronic Gulf, Greece: scene of the naval battle in 480 bc, in which the Greeks defeated the Persians. Pop.: 20 000 (latest est.). Area: 95 sq. km (37 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Teesside goalie saved two New Salamis spot-kicks and then converted the winning penalty to make sure Hardwick won the shootout 3-1.
Thousands crammed into the ancient Salamis theatre last Wednesday to watch a rendition of Sophocles' tragedy 'Antigone'.
AIS managing director Paul Stonebanks said: "Bilfinger Salamis is one of AIS's long-standing customers.
Since 2009, Bilfinger Salamis UK has been working with Maersk Oil, completing a number of successful fabric maintenance and walk to work campaigns.
28 ( ANI ): BiteLabs is reportedly growing meat from celebrity tissue samples to make salami.
In addition to traditional flavours, there are special Irish whiskey, Parmesan-crusted, peppered, apple and chili salamis, for adding a distinctive note to pizzas and pasta dishes, salads and sandwiches.
LN), a coking coal producer and explorer in the Bowen Basin of Queensland, Australia, has announced that George Salamis, a Non-Executive Director and founder of the company, has sold 266,000 ordinary shares.
EVALUATION OF ESSENTIAL OILS FROM Allium sativum, Coriandrum sativum, Eugenia caryophyllata, Origanum vulgare, Rosmarinus officinalis and Thymus vulgaris AS POSSIBLE ANTIOXIDANTS AND PRESERVATIVES IN SALAMI
We also wanted a value-added product with a longer shelf life so we could control supply, and that led to what I believe is the only English wild boar salami grown and produced in the UK.
Strauss tells the story of Salamis in all its political and military complexity.
Now the agency is to carry out a major survey into what goes into more than 100 salamis and meat products, including chorizo and pastrami.
Take Carnage and Culture's first example, the naval battle fought at Salamis in 480 B.