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Salona(səlō`nə), Latin Salonae, ancient city of DalmatiaDalmatia
, Croatian Dalmacija, historic region of Croatia, extending along the Adriatic Sea, approximately from Rijeka (Fiume) to the Gulf of Kotor. Split is the provincial capital; other cities include Zadar (the historic capital), Šibenik, and Dubrovnik.
..... Click the link for more information. , 3 mi (5 km) NE of modern Split, Croatia. A port on the Adriatic, it was used as a base for Roman conquest and was made a Roman colony and the capital of Illyricum in the 1st cent. B.C. The busy commercial city gained prestige when DiocletianDiocletian
(Caius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus) , 245–313, Roman emperor (284–305), b. near Salona, Dalmatia (the modern Split, Croatia). Of humble birth, he obtained high military command under Probus and Aurelian and fought under Carus in Persia.
..... Click the link for more information. , after retiring in A.D. 305, built a magnificent palace nearby. Salona became an episcopal see in the 4th cent., but in the 7th cent. the people fled before invaders to Diocletian's palace, which they transformed into the city of Spalato (now SplitSplit
, Ital. Spalato, city (2011 pop. 178,102), S Croatia, on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. It is a major seaport, a regional transportation hub, and a leading commercial center.
..... Click the link for more information. , Croatia). Salona was destroyed. Salona is also called Solin.