Salt Lake City

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Salt Lake City,

city (1990 pop. 159,936), alt. c.4,330 ft (1,320 m), state capital and seat of Salt Lake co., N central Utah, on the Jordan River and near the Great Salt Lake, at the foot of the Wasatch Range; inc. 1851. The largest city in the state, it is a great regional center, world headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and the processing point for products of an irrigated farm region that is rich in minerals. Major industries include tourism; medical research; food processing; silver, lead, copper, zinc, and iron smelting; the manufacture of computers and electronic equipment; oil refining; and warehousing. The city's outlying suburbs grew rapidly in the 1980s.

Founded in 1847 by Brigham YoungYoung, Brigham
, 1801–77, American religious leader, early head of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, b. Whitingham, Vt. Brigham Young was perhaps the greatest molder of Mormonism, his influence having a greater effect even than that of the church's founder,
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 as the capital of the Mormon (see Latter-day Saints, Church of Jesus Christ ofLatter-day Saints, Church of Jesus Christ of,
name of the church founded (1830) at Fayette, N.Y., by Joseph Smith. The headquarters are in Salt Lake City, Utah. Its members, now numbering about 5.
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) community, the city achieved greatness as its economic hub. The prominence of the gigantic Temple (built 1853–93) on Temple Square at the city's heart reflects the Mormon nature of Salt Lake City; nearby are the Mormon Tabernacle (opened 1867) and Conference Center (opened 2000). After 1849, Salt Lake City was a supply point for overland travel to California and was connected with the first transcontinental railroad by a line built (1869–70) by Brigham Young to Ogden. It is the seat of the Univ. of Utah, Westminster College, and a campus of Brigham Young Univ. Of interest are the state capitol (1914), Brigham Young's home (the "Beehive House," 1877), and the Brigham Young Monument (1897). Home to the Utah Jazz of the National Basketball Association, the city hosted the 2002 Winter Olympic games.

Salt Lake City


a city in the western part of the United States, on the Jordan River, near the river’s influx into the Great Salt Lake. Capital of Utah. Population, 170,000 (1974; 750,000 including suburbs). An important transportation junction for transcontinental routes, Salt Lake City is the center of an agricultural and mining region. The mining industry employs 7,000 people and the manufacturing industry, 35,000 (1973). Industries include nonferrous metallurgy, petroleum refining, and food processing (meat, flour, canned goods, sugar), as well as the aerospace and chemical industries. Mining and transportation equipment is manufactured, and ferrous and nonferrous metals are processed. Complex ores are mined at nearby Bingham Canyon.

Salt Lake City was founded by Mormons in 1847; it is the major Mormon center in the United States. The city has a university.

Salt Lake City

a city in N central Utah, near the Great Salt Lake at an altitude of 1330 m (4300 ft.): state capital; founded in 1847 by the Mormons as world capital of the Mormon Church; University of Utah (1850). Pop.: 179 894 (2003 est.)
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