The massive protest led to more political activity and the eventual setting up of the Sami Parliament in 1979 at Karasjok.
And their government has built bombing ranges on Sami reindeer land, as they have on Welsh land (at Pembrey Sands Air Weapons Range).
When the first detailed ethnographical account of the Sami was published in 1674, they were said to live primarily by hunting, fishing, and reindeer husbandry (Schefferus,  1971; see also Meriot, 1984).
The traditional subsistence modes of the Sami were based on local natural resources, the control of which, as for many other indigenous peoples of the Arctic and Subarctic, was exercised through territorial division (Tegengren, 1952:16; Donald and Mitchell, 1975; Burch, 1988; Scott, 1988; Krupnik, 1993:40-43; Andrews, 1994).
It houses the Sami Parliament, which Norway has set up in support of the Samis' right to cultural protection.
When Norway built this building," says Johann Mikkal Sara, a Parliament member, "they accepted the Samis as people, and that's supremely important to us.
The basic reason for the protest was the blatant and insensitive use of Sami
culture by the Finnish tourist industry.
While isolated under Soviet rule, their Nordic kin formed international organizations, secured rights, and even pressured the various states to establish Sami
An estimated one-third of the Sami
population, or 30,000-35,000 people, speak one or more of the nine Sami
languages still in existence.
In the northern Sami
language, the word for creation, Sivdnadeapmi, also has another connotation: the blessing.
This book was born out of discussions between the vice-president of the Sami
Council, Stefan Mikaelsson, himself a reindeer herder from Jokkmokk, and Tero Mustonen of the Snowchange Cooperative.
Anthropologist Harald Eidheim asserts that the 1970s Alta hydroelectric project, begun in the 1950s, became a defining moment in Sami
activism as a unifying political cause, which connected the Sami
Movement to global indigenous causes.