Samuel Chase

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Chase, Samuel,

1741–1811, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1796–1811), b. Somerset co., Md. A lawyer, he participated in pre-Revolutionary activities and was a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses. In 1776 he was appointed, together with Benjamin FranklinFranklin, Benjamin,
1706–90, American statesman, printer, scientist, and writer, b. Boston. The only American of the colonial period to earn a European reputation as a natural philosopher, he is best remembered in the United States as a patriot and diplomat.
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 and Charles CarrollCarroll, Charles,
1737–1832, political leader in the American Revolution, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. Annapolis, Md. After completing his education in France and England, he returned home (1765) and his father gave him a large estate near Frederick, Md.
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 of Carrollton, to win Canada over to the Revolutionary cause, but the plan failed. Chase helped to influence Maryland opinion to support independence from Great Britain. Although he opposed adoption of the U.S. Constitution, he later became a strong Federalist and President Washington appointed him (1796) to the U.S. Supreme Court. A series of brilliant and influential decisions established his leadership in the court until he was eclipsed by the rising genius of John MarshallMarshall, John,
1755–1835, American jurist, 4th chief justice of the United States (1801–35), b. Virginia. Early Life

The eldest of 15 children, John Marshall was born in a log cabin on the Virginia frontier (today in Fauquier co., Va.
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. Chase was impeached (1804) by the U.S. House of Representatives for discrimination on the bench against Jeffersonians. Tried before the Senate (1805), he was found not guilty. This verdict discouraged further attempts to impeach justices for purely political reasons.

Chase, Samuel

(1741–1811) Supreme Court justice; born in Somerset County, Md. A member of the Continental Congress and a signer of the Declaration of Independence, President Washington named him to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1796. President Jefferson attempted to impeach Chase because of his independent stance (1804), but Congress rejected the proposition in a move that secured the strength of the judiciary.
References in periodicals archive ?
history, Bell said, noting Justice Samuel Chase who was impeached in 1804 because some in the U.
At the end of his tenure as vice president, Burr presided over the impeachment trial of Justice Samuel Chase.
8) This comparative model, which along with Lincoln, includes Samuel Chase, the ambitious Ohio Governor; Edwin Bates, a content Missouri elder and statesman; William Seward, longtime New York Senator; and Edwin Stanton, a prominent lawyer; sets out to examine each of these men, using the characteristics of each as a mirror to reflect and compare the traits of the others.
Ackerman also discusses Jefferson's failed attempt to impeach Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase (1805) and Jefferson's nominees for the Supreme Court.
When Congress passed a primitive income tax bill in 1862, Lincoln's defiant treasury secretary, Samuel Chase, ignored the law, preferring to fund the war through more government borrowing (sound familiar?