Samuel Colt


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Related to Samuel Colt: John Moses Browning, Mikhail Kalashnikov
Samuel Colt
Birthday
BirthplaceHartford, Connecticut, United States
Died
Occupation
Inventor, industrialist, businessman

Colt, Samuel,

1814–62, American inventor, b. Hartford, Conn. In 1835–36, he patented a revolving-breech pistol and founded at Paterson, N.J., the Patent Arms Company, which failed in 1842. An order for 1,000 revolvers from the U.S. government in 1847 in the Mexican War made possible the reestablishment of his business. He later built the Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company factory at Hartford. Colt also invented a submarine battery used in harbor defense and a submarine telegraph cable. His revolving-breech pistol became so popular that the word Colt was sometimes used as a generic term for the revolver.

Bibliography

See biography by W. B. Edwards (1953).

Colt, Samuel

 

Born July 19, 1814, in Hartford, Conn.; died there Jan. 10, 1862. American gunsmith.

Colt founded a plant and a company for the production of small arms. Colt’s first revolver, invented in 1835, was an improved version of the previous systems of cylinder arms and revolvers. Colt introduced a system for turning the cylinder and locking it for firing. Subsequently Colt’s firm developed various models of small arms, such as an automatic pistol (1911) and a revolver (1917).

REFERENCE

“Samuel’ Kol’t.” Artilleriiskii zhurnal, 1868, no. 1.

Colt, Samuel

(1814–62) inventor, manufacturer; born in Hartford, Conn. An indifferent student, he worked in his father's dye and bleaching establishment (1824–27, 1831–32) and was sent away to sea (1830–31). While at sea, he made a wooden model of an automatically revolving breech pistol and on returning to the U.S.A. he made metal models. To support his work he went on a tour as "Dr. Coult," lecturing on the marvels of chemistry. By 1836 he had patents on his pistol in England, France, and the U.S.A. and began to manufacture them in Paterson, N.J. His factory was one of the most innovative in its use of mass-production technique, and the Colt "six shooter" caught on with individuals—especially in the American West—but not with the U.S. Army. The company failed in 1842. Colt turned his attention to developing underwater mines and telegraph cable. When the Mexican War began (1846), the army placed an order for 1,000 revolvers; he had to subcontract the work to Eli Whitney's factory (in Whitneyville, Conn.) but by 1848 he was making the revolver in his own grand factory in Hartford, Conn. He directed Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company until his death.
References in periodicals archive ?
He refers to "Bigfoot Walker" as helping Samuel Colt develop the Colt Walker.
Samuel Colt had presented a great number of his revolvers at Britain's Crystal Palace Exhibition in 1851.
Late in the War, Samuel Colt fielded a contract musket hybridized from the Enfield and Springfield designs.
Colonel Samuel Colt had the brick building built on the Connecticut river in pre-Civil War times, but the company that bears his name has long since moved to a modern plant across town.
I shot quite a lot of stuff out of that pistol that Samuel Colt never envisioned.
Samuel Colt and others drove the later years of the industrial revolution and set the stage for the developments that would define the American internecine conflict as the first of the modern wars.
THE SINGLE-ACTION REVOLVER AS WE KNOW IT HAS ITS ORIGINS IN THE EARLY 1830s--THE FRUIT OF THE INVENTIVE GENIUS OF SAMUEL COLT, WHO CONCEIVED OF HIS REVOLVER DESIGN WHEN HE WAS A MERE 18 YEARS OLD; HE PUT IT INTO PRODUCTION AT PATERSON, NEW JERSEY, IN 1836.
That was when Samuel Colt introduced his first "Belt Pistol" meaning one practical for a man to actually wear on his person in a holster.
It's difficult to fathom, but the company Samuel Colt founded was--literally--on the verge of going the way of the passenger pigeon.
Although various revolving designs had existed from at least the 17th century, it was the invention of Samuel Colt that created the first practical repeating handgun.
Back in 1847 when the government contracted with Samuel Colt for .
WHEN ONE THINKS OF GREAT FIREARMS INVENTORS, the names that most often turn up are John Browning, Samuel Colt and the brothers Mauser.