Samuel Maharero


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Maharero, Samuel

 

Years of birth and death unknown. Supreme chief of the Herero tribes in Southwest Africa (Namibia) from 1891 to 1904. The first years of Maharero’s rule, after the German colonial administration made him head of the Herero, were marked by collaboration with the colonialists. However, the cruel regime of the German authorities and the oppressions to which the Africans were subjected forced Maharero to come out in defense of the interests of his people and to head a rebellion against the colonialists (the Herero and Hottentot Uprising of 1904-07). After a battle near Waterberg (August 1904), Maharero fled with some of his surviving tribesmen to Bechuanaland.

References in periodicals archive ?
The German administration recognises Samuel Maharero in return for his collaboration as Paramount Chief of the different Ovaherero clans, a hitherto unknown position.
Following an order by Samuel Maharero, Ovaherero make a surprise attack and kill some 120-150 German farmers for encroachment on their land.
The Ovaherero under Chief Samuel Maharero retreat east through the semi-desert Omaheke to reach Bechuanaland (today Botswana).
Angry about the Hereros' submission to German control, the Nama chief Hendrik Witbooi wrote to his long-time enemy, the Herero leader, Samuel Maharero, taunting him: "I learn .
The Herero leader, Samuel Maharero, was openly favoured by the colonial government, whereas the Mbandjeru chief, Nikodemus, was continuously reminded that he was only chief under German conditions and that he could easily be removed from this position.
On the eve of the Herero uprising in 1904, their chief Samuel Maharero wrote to the Nama chief, Hendrik Witbooi: "All our obedience and patience with the Germans is of little avail, for each day they shoot someone dead for no reason at all.
The Germans had not expected an uprising, especially initiated by their long-term ally Samuel Maharero.
Witness for instance the letters Samuel Maharero wrote to the leaders of the other nations at the time, imploring them to rise and die fighting.
On the day, Samuel Maharero was summoned to Windhoek for consultations with Leutwein, after some discussions, it was refreshments time and an exchange of drinks ensued.