Samuel Noah Kramer

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Kramer, Samuel Noah


Born Sept. 28, 1897, in the city of Zhashkov. American Orientalist and Sumerologist.

Born in Russia, Kramer and his family moved to the USA in 1906. In the 1930’s, 1940’s and 1950’s he participated in archaeological excavations in Iraq and conducted epigraphic research in the museums of Baghdad, Istanbul, and elsewhere. He was the first to investigate and translate the most important Sumerian myths, epics, and other literary texts, as well as law codes of Ur-Nammu and Lipit-Ishtar and tablets with cuneiform minuscule symbols. In 1957 and 1960 he visited the USSR and published a Sumerian cuneiform tablet with a literary text from the collection of the A. S. Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts (Two Elegies on a Tablet From the A. S. Pushkin Museum: A New Sumerian Literary Genre, 1960).


The Sumerian Mythology. New York, 1961.
Mythologies of the Ancient World. New York, 1961.
The Sunerians: Their History, Culture, and Character. Chicago-London, 1967.
The Sacred Marriage Rite. London, 1969.
In Russian translation:
Istoriia nachinaetsia v Shumere. Moscow, 1965.


D’iakonov, I. M. “Novye dannye o shumerskoi kul’ture.” In Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1947, no. 2.


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It is the product of a collaboration between Samuel Noah Kramer, the late dean of Sumerology, and John Maier, a professor of English at the State University of New York at Brockport.
Occasional Publications of the Samuel Noah Kramer Fund, 11 (Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1989), 87-89.
The attachment of the name of Samuel Noah Kramer, the late master of Sumerian literature, to the Institute (after the publication of this volume), and Kramer's donation of his personal library to the Institute are marks of the excellence and the significance of Artzi's efforts.