Samuel von Pufendorf


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Pufendorf, Samuel von

 

Born Jan. 8, 1632, in Dorf-chemnitz; died Oct. 2, 1694, in Berlin. Representative of the 17th-century Enlightenment in Germany.

Pufendorf taught at a number of Western European universities and occupied the first chair of natural law in Europe, which was established at the University of Heidelberg. He lived in Sweden for many years, where he taught at the University of Lund.

Pufendorf accepted the concepts of natural law elaborated by H. Grotius and T. Hobbes, but he interpreted these concepts from the point of view of the German bourgeoisie, which was incapable of waging a decisive struggle against feudalism. He spoke out against theological scholasticism and against intervention by the church in affairs of state, and he criticized the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.” At the same time, however, he justified the existence of absolutism and considered slavery and serfdom to be legitimate phenomena. Pufendorf is the author of many works on jurisprudence and history. Most of them were written in Latin and later translated into various European languages.

WORKS

Elementorum jurisprudence universalis libri duo. The Hague, 1660.
De jure naturae et gentium, libri octo. Lund, 1672.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v istoriiu evropeiskuiu. … St. Petersburg, 1718 (reissued, St. Petersburg, 1723).
O dolzhnosti cheloveka i grazhdanina po zakonu estestvennomu …. St. Petersburg, 1726.

REFERENCE

Istoriia politicheskikh uchenii. Moscow, 1960. Pages238–42.
References in periodicals archive ?
Baron Samuel von Pufendorf (January 8, 1632-October 13, 1694) was a German jurist, political philosopher, economist, statesman, and historian.
Samuel von Pufendorf, [1688] 1934, De Jure Naturae et Gentium Ibri Octo.
Their names are (in order of their birth): Algernon Sidney, Samuel von Pufendorf, Jean-Jacques Burlamaqui, and Emmerich de Vattel.
Burlamaqui was familiar with the works of Pufendorf, as he was a disciple of Jean Barbeyrac, the eminent editor of Hugo Grotius and Samuel von Pufendorf.
This is an important recognition because it is possible to show the direct historical linkage of scholastic economics to the late-scholastic theologians in Spain through Leonard Lessius to Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) and Samuel von Pufendorf (1632-1694) and through them to Gershom Carmichael, Francis Hutcheson, and Adam Smith.
The ascendance that links Smith to scholastic economics passes through his teacher, Francis Hutcheson back to Samuel von Pufendorf to Hugo Grotius to Leonard Lessius, who, as Wim Decock shows in his excellent introduction to Lessius, acted as a transmitter of, an interlocutor within, and an innovator of late-scholastic Spanish economic thought.
214) William Blackstone, Hugo Grotius, Baron Samuel von Pufendorf, John Locke, and Thomas Hobbes all acknowledged similar categories of law, (215) and Jerome Frank wrote, "I do not understand how any decent man today can refuse to adopt, as the basis of modern civilization, the fundamental principles of Natural Law, relative to human conduct, as stated by Thomas Aquinas.
The title page refers to Samuel von Pufendorf (1632-1694) as "Counsellor of State to his late Swedish Majesty, and to the late King of Prussia" (Frederick III).
2 SAMUEL VON PUFENDORF, ELEMENTORUM JURISPRUDENTIAE UNIVERSALIS LIBRI DUO [ELEMENTS OF UNIVERSAL JURISPRUDENCE IN TWO BOOKS] [section] 10, at 154 (James Brown Scott ed.
16) Samuel von Pufendorf, Of the Law of Nature and Nations (1672), trans.
17) Samuel von Pufendorf, On the Duty of Man and Citizen, ed.
Only as the fervour of religious differences receded in the century and a half after the end of the Thirty Years War, did a new body of thought and practice -- led by such theorists as Hugo Grotius and Samuel von Pufendorf -- emerge.