San Andrés and Providencia

(redirected from San Andres and Providencia)

San Andrés and Providencia,

district (1990 est. pop. 39,949), 21 sq mi (54 sq km), Colombia, comprising two small islands and seven groups of coral reefs and cays in the Caribbean 125–200 mi (201–325 km) E of the Mosquito Coast of Nicaragua. San Andrés, on San Andrés (or St. Andrews) island, the largest in the group, is the capital. Providencia (or Providence) island is 55 mi (89 km) NNE of San Andrés. Coconuts and some fruit and vegetables are raised. There are deposits of poor-quality guano, but rich oil and gas deposits are believed to exist offshore. Tourism is important. The inhabitants are a mix of persons of African descent (Raizals) who speak an English creole and more recently arrived Colombians engaged in the tourist trade and duty-free retail enterprises.

The islands and reefs have also been claimed by Nicaragua, and have been a source of tension between Colombia and Nicaragua. In 2007 the International Court of Justice ruled that the status of the two islands was determined by a 1928 treaty between the two nations that awarded them to Colombia. The ICJ confirmed Colombia's ownership of the reefs and cays in 2012 but limited the associated maritime boundaries. Colombia's constitutional court, however, ruled that a treaty would be required between Colombia and Nicaragua for Colombia to recognize the 2012 decision.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center initially warned that tsunami waves of up to 1 meter (3 feet) above tide level could hit parts of Honduras, Belize, Puerto Rico, the Cayman Islands, San Andres and Providencia (Colombia), Jamaica, Cuba, among others.
1 (2016): 64-80, y "Panama Fever: Colombian Fears of Secession on San Andres and Providencia Islands, 1903-1913".
Until now, only three species of Cactaceae had been reported to occur in the Archipelago of San Andres and Providencia (Gonzalez et al.
Since the independence of Nicaragua in 1821, Colombia has taken possession of the islands of San Andres and Providencia and the entire archipelago.
2012), the multicicatrices fluted scale was introduced into the islands of San Andres and Providencia, probably through infested ornamental plants brought from mainland Colombia where the insect is endemic to.
The flora of the Archipelago of San Andres and Providencia has been relatively well studied, and at least two major expeditions have included these islands, the "Fifth George Vanderbilt Expedition" in 1941, and the "Catherwood Chaplin West Indies Expedition" from the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia in 1948, of which only the Pteridophytes were published (Proetor, 1950).
Particularity, in San Andres and Providencia tourism is the most important activity and employees a big amount of workers.
The dispute actually dates back to the 1920s, when Nicaragua signed a treaty recognizing the 15th parallel as its maritime boundary with Honduras and ceding the islands of San Andres and Providencia and Serrana, Rocador, and Quitasueno keys to Colombia.
Although, San Andres and Providencia were not specifically mentioned, ships were sent and removed some white settlers from San Andres to Jamaica and Grand Cayman.
The Melia and Sol brand hotels will offer more than 700 rooms in Bucaramanga, Cali, Santa Marta, San Andres and Providencia.
Rediscovery of Mabuya berengerae, Mabuyapergravis (Squamata: Scincidae) and Coniophanes andresensis (Squamata: Colubridae), and assesment of its threatened status in the San Andres and Providencia Islands, Colombia
Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae an interesting sea feather found in the islands of San Andres and Providencia (SW Colombian Caribbean), has been the subject of our research studies for the last 7 years.