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San Sebastián(sän sābästyän`), Basque Donostia, city (1990 pop. 183,944), capital of Gipuzkoa (Guipúzcoa) prov., N Spain, on the Bay of Biscay at the mouth of the Urumea River, in the Basque Country near the French frontier. Picturesquely situated at the foot of Mt. Urgull between the river and the Bahía de la Concha, it has attractive beaches along the coast. With the completion of the railroad from Madrid in 1864, it became the summer residence of the Spanish court. It remains one of Spain's most fashionable seaside resorts and is the site of several annual international jazz and film festivals. There are fishing, metallurgy, cement, food, and machinery industries. The city was rebuilt in the 19th cent. after its virtual destruction in the Peninsular War, when it was the scene of a bloody battle between Wellington and the French (1813). The San Sebastián pact, or republican manifesto, which precipitated the fall of the Spanish monarchy, was signed there in 1930. Of interest are the Baroque Basílica de Santa María del Coro, several buildings designed by contemporary architect Rafael MoneoMoneo, Rafael
(José Rafael Moneo), 1937–, Spanish architect, b. Tudela, Navarre. He received undergraduate (1961) and doctoral (1965) degrees from the Madrid School of Architecture, worked (1960–61) with Danish architect Jørn Utzon, and studied (1963–65)
..... Click the link for more information. , and the Tabakalera (2015), a contemporary culture center.
a city and port in northern Spain, in the Basque region; situated on the Bay of Biscay, at the mouth of the Urumea River. Capital of the province of Guipúzcoa. Population, 165,800 (1970).
San Sebastián’s various industries produce machines, chemicals, paper, textiles, cement, and food. The city also has a fishing industry. The sand beach that stretches along the picturesque bay has made San Sebastián a well-known summer resort; in addition to a substantial tourist trade, the city periodically hosts international film festivals.