Sand Creek


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Sand Creek,

Colorado, site of a massacre (1864) of CheyenneCheyenne
, indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). The Cheyenne abandoned their settlements in Minnesota in the 17th cent.
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 by Col. John M. ChivingtonChivington, John Milton,
1821–92, Union general in the American Civil War, b. Lebanon, Ohio. Ordained a Methodist minister (1844), he served in Missouri and Nebraska before moving to Denver as presiding elder (1860–62) of the Rocky Mountain District.
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 and his Colorado Volunteers. The Cheyennes, led by their chief, Black KettleBlack Kettle,
d. 1868, chief of the southern Cheyenne in Colorado. His attempt to make peace (1864) with the white men ended in the massacre of about half his people at Sand Creek.
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, had offered to make peace and, at the suggestion of military personnel, had encamped at Sand Creek near Fort Lyon while awaiting word from the territory's governor. There they were attacked in a surprise dawn raid on Nov. 29, 1864. Chivington and his men, choosing to ignore a white flag, slaughtered and mutilated hundreds of men, women, and children. The atrocity has been the subject of much controversy, and an effort to unearth the site began in 1998.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kansas, and what is now Montana, including the massacres at Sand Creek and the Washita River, before culminating on a beautiful June 1876 day on the Little Bighorn River.
In 1864, a Colorado militia killed at least 150 peaceful Cheyenne Indians in the Sand Creek Massacre.
The 150th anniversary of the infamous Sand Creek Massacre occasions a revisiting of that tragic encounter between two incompatible civilizations occupying the same ground.
A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the Memory of Sand Creek, by Ari Kelman.
Surveyor), Sand Creek Engineering (Landscape Architect & Civil Engineer)
John Evans, who served as chairman of the school's board of trustees, was the governor of the Colorado territory in the 1800s, when troops attacked a Cheyenne and Arapaho village there in what became known as the Sand Creek Massacre.
He was at the Sand Creek Massacre and participated in the great raids along the Platte River road which were staged by the Northern and Southern Cheyennes, Lakotas, and Arapahoes in the aftermath of that terrible event.
One of the newest of the United States' national historic sites, the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site commemorates the murderous destruction of a village of Arapaho and Cheyenne Indians by the US military in the Colorado Territory in 1864.
A Coma Pueblo author Simon Ortiz's 1981 collection of poems, From Sand Creek, is a book of a ghost time that still haunts, a moment of terror that recurs like an "abrupt wind that throttles a fence" (Ortiz 19).
Suncor: Colorado leak stopped NEW YORK: Suncor Energy said it has contained a leak of an oily substance near its Commerce City refinery in Colorado that was running into Sand Creek, which joins a river that supplies Denver with water.
Its most recent closure was in August at Sand Creek.