Sandra Day O'Connor


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O'Connor, Sandra Day,

1930–, U.S. lawyer and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1981–2006), b. El Paso, Tex. Graduating from Stanford law school (1952), she returned to practice in her home state of Arizona. There she was a state assistant attorney general (1965–69) and a Republican state senator (1969–74). Appointed a state judge in 1974, she was in 1979 named to the Arizona Court of Appeals. In 1981, President Reagan nominated her to the U.S. Supreme Court, where she became the first woman justice. Except in cases of sexual discrimination and states' powers under the federal system, she generally resisted judicial activism, emerging in the 1990s as a frequent swing vote between more and less conservative blocs. After leaving the Court, she served (2006) as a member of the Iraq Study Group.

Bibliography

See her Lazy B: Growing Up on a Cattle Ranch in the American Southwest (with her brother, H. A. Day; 2001), The Majesty of the Law: Reflections of a Supreme Court Justice (2003), and Out of Order: Stories from the History of the Supreme Court (2013); study by J. Biskupic (2005); L. Hirshman, Sisters In Law: How Sandra Day O'Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg Went to the Supreme Court and Changed the World (2015).

O'Connor, Sandra Day

(1930–  ) Supreme Court justice; born in El Paso, Texas. After taking her law degree from Stanford (1952), she had a private practice in Arizona; serving in the Arizona Senate (1969–74), she was the first woman in America to be elected majority leader of a state senate (1972–74). She was elected to a county superior court (1974–79) and was then appointed to the Arizona Court of Appeals (1979–81). When President Ronald Reagan selected her, she became the first woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court (1981). Generally conservative in her legal views, she occasionally took independent positions and for long held the "swing vote" on the issue of abortion.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Sandra Day O'Connor Institute continues the legacy and lifetime work of Sandra Day O'Connor in solving important social, economic and political problems through constructive dialogue and civic action.
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Humetewa received her Juris Doctor degree in 1993 from ASU's Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law and her bachelor's degree from ASU in 1987.
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The revelation of his work on Romer--which came to national attention in early August, two weeks after his nomination by President Bush to replace retiring justice Sandra Day O'Connor has not eased their fears of a judge praised by the nation's top antigay activists.
is the wrong judge to replace Sandra Day O'Connor on the U.
Sandra Day O'Connor was raised on the Lazy B ranch, a vast spread along the Ari- zona/New Mexico border where she was, in her words, "a simple cowgirl" who could dig a well, drive a tractor, tame a horse, shoot a coyote and dance the Texas two-step.
The dissenting decision was written by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
Title IX's enforcement mechanism would "unravel" if employees were not protected from punishment when they complained about smaller budgets or less adequate facilities for women's or girls' teams, wrote Justice Sandra Day O'Connor in the majority opinion.
Supreme Court Justic Sandra Day O'Connor, Olympic Gold Medalist Jackie Joyner-Kersee, and American astronaut Sally Ride), has written a children's picturebook (feautring brilliant full-color artwork by Marilyn Brown) that will inspire young girls ages four to eight in what their future possibilities might be.
And, in particular, he credits the bipartisan activism practiced by the Court's powerful swing justice, Sandra Day O'Connor.
Indeed, in her opinion, Justice Sandra Day O'Connor acknowledges that given the broad nature of the "war on terror" it could become very difficult to determine when the conflict has ended, resulting in a prolonged detention once a person is recognized as an enemy combatant.