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Santos(sän`to͞os), city (1996 pop. 412,288), São Paulo state, SE Brazil, on the island of São Vicente in the Atlantic just off the mainland. It is 40 mi (64 km) SE of the city of São Paulo, with which it is linked by rail and by the Via Anchieta highway. Santos is the world's greatest coffee port and the chief shipping point for the rich interior of São Paulo state. It handles the major share of Brazilian exports, including, besides coffee, oranges, bananas, cotton, and industrial products. Along its spacious harbor there are more than 4 mi (6 km) of modern wharves. Santos was founded c.1540 near the settlement of São Vicente. It was sacked by the English in 1591. Santos is a fashionable residential area and resort center with fine beaches.
a city in southeastern Brazil, in São Paulo State. Population, 345,500 (1970). A major port, Santos serves as the gateway to the sea for the state of São Paulo; in 1972 it had a freight turnover of 13.1 million tons. As much as three-fourths of Brazil’s coffee exports pass through Santos; bananas, cotton, pineapples, and other agricultural products are also exported. The city is a railroad junction as well. It has enterprises producing flour, sugar, and canned goods. Other industries include metalworking and the manufacture of fertilizers. Santos was founded in the first half of the 16th century.