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(both: səno͞o`sĭ), Arabic Sanusiyya, a political-religious organization in Libya and Sudan founded in Mecca in 1837 by Muhammad bin Ali al-Sanusi (1791–1859), known as the Grand Sanusi. Sanusi was concerned with both the perceived decline of Islamic thought and the weakening of the Islamic world. His call for political activism was influenced by the Wahhabi movement in Arabia, to which he eclectically added some Sufi teachings from several different Sufi orders. The Sanusi unsuccessfully fought (1902–13) French expansion in the Sahara, and in 1911 the Italian invasion of Libya forced them to concentrate there. During World War I they attacked British-occupied Egypt. A grandson of the Grand Sanusi became King Idris IIdris I,
1890–1983, king of Libya (1951–69). A grandson of the founder of the Sanusi Muslim sect, he became leader of the group in 1917. He was acknowledged (1920) by the Italians as emir of Cyrenaica but had to flee to Egypt in 1922 after quarreling with the Italian
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 of Libya in 1951. In 1969, the king was overthrown by a coup led by Colonel Muammar al-QaddafiQaddafi, Muammar al-
, 1942–2011, Libyan army officer and dictator. He graduated from the Univ. of Libya in 1963 and became an army officer in 1965. In 1969 he formed, along with a group of fellow officers, a secret revolutionary committee and led (1969) a successful coup
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. A third of the population in Libya, and fewer in Sudan, are still affiliated with the Sanusi organization.


See E. E. Evans-Pritchard, The Sanusi of Cyrenaica (1949, repr. 1963); N. A. Ziadeh, Sanusiyah (1958, repr. 1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
According to Alhaji Muhammadu Sanusi II, Emir of Kano, Nigeria, Islamic banking can offer key solutions to solve a failing economy.
48 billion, far below previous estimates by Sanusi and others.
ButKano's emir Sanusi, angered by atrocities such as the kidnapping of 200 schoolgirls from the village ofChibokin April, has been increasingly vocal.
More information about Abidemi Sanusi is available on her website www.
Second, for his pains in this regard, Sanusi had the unsavoury experience of being the first holder of that office ever to be suspended.
Okupe will provide insights into the government's pledge to order a forensic audit of alleged missing oil receipts, which Central Bank Governor Lamido Sanusi put at $20 billion before his suspension by President Goodluck Jonathan in February 2014, as well as an earlier corruption case, wherein the U.
President Goodluck Jonathan suspended the former Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) governor Lamido Sanusi last Thursday over allegations of misconduct in a move seen by analysts as politically motivated.
The CBN, now under its new governor, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, stepped in.
Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, who steps down as central bank chief in the coming months, later revised his figures down to $12bn, sparking claims of political pressure.
Nigeria State Police Commissioner Sanusi Rufai said that he suspected that the terrorist group Boko Haram was behind the attack.
The event was attended by 400 leaders of the world's banking and investment community, and further VIPs and celebrity supporters, including Mo Ibrahim, Cecilia Sarkozy, Sanusi Lamido Sanusi, Isaiah Washington, South African Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan, and Scott Aitken (co-CEO,Atlantic Energy).
Au cours d'une ceremonie de remise des trophees [beaucoup moins que]AfricanBanker 2013[beaucoup plus grand que], organisee par le magasine Africain Banker Awards, le gouverneur de la Banque centrale du Nigeria, Sanusi Lanido Sanusi, a ete aussi retribue du prix du [beaucoup moins que]gouverneur de Banque centrale de l'annee[beaucoup plus grand que].