Sapindus


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Related to Sapindus: Sapindus saponaria

Sapindus

 

(soapberry), a genus of plants of the family Sapindaceae. They are evergreen or deciduous trees. The pinnate leaves are alternate, and the flowers are in terminal or axillary panicles. There are about 15 species, distributed in the tropics of Asia and America. The fruits, which contain up to 38 percent saponins, are used as soap. Soapberries are cultivated in tropical and warm countries as ornamentals and for their saponins. Three species— Sapindus saponaria, S. mucorossii, and the winter-hardy American species S. drummondii —are grown in the USSR, on the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus and, less frequently, in Transcaucasia and Middle Asia. The genus’s Russian common name, myl’noe derevo, is sometimes used to designate the goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata) of the same family, which grows in East Asia and contains saponins in its bark.

REFERENCE

Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rumen fermentation, methanogenesis and nitrogen utilization of sheep receiving tropical grass hay-concentrate diet offered with Sapindus saponaria fruits and Cratylia argentea foliage.
Effect of the aqueous extracts of the seeds of Talisia esculenta and Sapindus saponaria on fall armyworm.
Among various plant extracts Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn was found as effective as reference standard (93% 2.
Evaluating of Sapindus saponaria as a defaunation agent and its effects on diferent ruminal digestion parameters.
Antidiabetic and antioxidant activity of ethanolic extract of Sapindus trifoliatus Linn.
Study of the morphohistological modifications in larvae of Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae) submitted to the pure ethanolic extract of Sapindus saponaria Lin.
saligna, Chamaecysticus palmensis, Leucaena pallida [30, 35] y Sapindus saponaria [10] en una dieta base (como principal fuente de proteina), y donde se ha reportado que no hay CD o una eliminacion total de protozoarios del rumen, solo reducciones en su concentracion, similar a lo presentado en algunas plantas evaluadas en esta investigacion, pero que no significa efecto desfaunante.
microphyllum, Parkinsonia aculeata, Piper amalago, Sapindus saponaria y muchas otras.
However, a branch species, Sapindus saponaria, sometimes known as Hawaiian or Florida soapberry, is grown in the United States, and there is evidence that the fruit was used by indigenous people as soap.
Anti-trichomonas activity of Sapindus saponins, a candidate for development as microbicidal contraceptive.
Oleanane-type triterpene oligoglycosides with pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity from the pericarps of Sapindus rarak.