Sapotaceae


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Related to Sapotaceae: Sapindaceae, Moraceae

Sapotaceae

[‚sap·ə′tās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Ebenales characterized by a well-developed latex system.

Sapotaceae

 

(sapodilla), a family of dicotyledonous plants including mostly evergreen trees and shrubs. The leaves are usually alternate, entire, and leathery. The generally small flowers are regular and most often bisexual; they are solitary or fascicled. There are four, five, or eight sepals in two whorls or only five sepals in one whorl; the sepals are usually slightly fused at the base. The petals, which are concresced below, alternate with the sepals and sometimes form two whorls. The fruit—a berry—is leathery and dehiscent in some species. The sapodilla family is characterized by the presence of latex vessels in the bark, phloem, medulla, leaves, and fruits. Cauliflory is observed in many species.

There are about 60 genera of sapodilla, embracing 800 species and distributed mainly in the tropics of both hemispheres. In the USSR only fossil forms are known. Species containing gutta-percha (genera Palaquim and Payena) and balata (Mimusops bidentata, or M. balata) have great practical significance. The fruits of many species, including those of the genera Achras and Lucuma, are edible, as are the fleshy corollas of Madhuca logifolia, which contain up to 60 percent sugar. The seeds of some species, such as those of the genera Butyrospermum, Mimusops, and Argania, yield cooking and industrial oils. Many species, including Argania sideroxylon, are the source of valuable lumber.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Other Sapotaceae and Rubiaceae family (to which Madhuca indica and Paederia foetida, respectively belongs) plants have been reported in the scientific literature for presence of antidiabetic activities in extracts of whole plants or plant parts.
Composiçáo taxonômica Z o n a II I P1 P2 P1 P2 MAGNOLIOPHYTA AP Alchornea + Annonaceae + + Apocynaceae + + + + Aquifoliaceae (Ilex) + + Arecaceae + + + Bignoniaceae + + Boraginaceae + + Calliandra + Caprifoliaceae (Sambucus) + + Celtis + + Clethraceae + Chloranthaceae + Cunoniaceae + Euphorbiaceae + + + + Dalechampia + Fabaceae + + + Flacourticaceae + + Lauraceae + + + Loranthaceae + + Magnoliaceae + Malvaceae + Meliaceae + + + Mimosaceae + + Moraceae-Urticaceae + + Myrsinaceae (Rapanea) + + + Myrtaceae + + + Sapindaceae + + + Sapotaceae + Solanaceae + + Tiliaceae + + Trema + Ulmaceae + NAP Apiaceae + + Astemceae + + + + Brassicaceae + Cereales (cf.
Primary forest sites are dominated by Burseraceae, Sapotaceae, Lecythidaceae, Mimosaceae, and Lauraceae, and are characterized by low levels of anthropogenic influence.
These fruits bear a striki ng similarity to members of the Ebenales, including Ebenaceae, the persimmon family, and Sapotaceae, the sapote family, and provide further evidence of the floristic diversity of this interesting Neogene flora.
Arboreal pollen levels indicate that deforestation was widespread throughout the period, but with patches of tree cover remaining, including some economic species such as Sapotaceae (Zapote and related species).
visco 1 Fabaceae Allophylus edulis 21 Sapindaceae Celtis spinosa 1 Celtidaceae Condalia buxifolia 3 Rhamnaceae Enterolobium contortisiliquum 1 Fabaceae Eugenia uniflora 1 Myrtaceae Gleditsia amorphoides 2 Fabaceae Nectandra pichurim 1 Lauraceae Pogonopus tubulosus 1 Rubiaceae Sambucus peruviana 2 Adoxaceae Scutia buxifolia 5 Rhamnaceae Sideroxylon obtusifolium 1 Sapotaceae Urera caracasana 2 Urticaceae Vassobia breviilora 1 Solanaceae Xylosma pubescens 1 Salicaceae Unidentified bromeliad 9 Bromeliaceae Unidentified fern 1 Unidentified moss 2 Unidentified Myrtaceae 2 Myrtaceae Unidentified vine 4 Total 65 TABLE 2.
The Santiria-type pollen illustrated in Maloney (1979) is very different from the Canarium-type pollen (which was mislabelled as Sapotaceae comp.
This was probably due to the presence of a large numbers of Sapotaceae plants surrounding the study area.
Rousseaceae Carpodetus Asterales 0 0 0 2 Rousseaceae Roussea Asterales 0 1 0 0 Rubiaceae Luculia Gentianales D 1 0 0 Sapotaceae Manilkara Ericales 0 0 0 1 Sarraceniaceae Sarracenia Ericales 0 1 0 2 Scrophulariaceae Buddleja Lamiales 0 ?
Therefore, in response to urgent need for the new affordable effective and environment friendly mosquito control agent, the screening of an Indian plant Mimusops elengi belonging to family Sapotaceae was carried out for mosquito larvicidal activity.