Sargasso Sea


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Sargasso Sea

(särgăs`ō), part of the N Atlantic Ocean, lying roughly between the West Indies and the Azores and from about lat. 20°N to lat. 35°N, in the horse latitudeshorse latitudes,
two belts of latitude where winds are light and the weather is hot and dry. They are located mostly over the oceans, at about 30° lat. in each hemisphere, and have a north-south range of about 5° as they follow the seasonal migration of the sun.
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. The relatively still sea is the center of a great swirl of ocean currents known as the North Atlantic Subtropical Gyre, and is a rich field for the marine biologist. It is noted for the abundance of gulfweed (Sargassum species; see seaweedseaweed,
name commonly used for the multicellular marine algae. Simpler forms, consisting of one cell (e.g., the diatom) or of a few cells, are not generally called seaweeds; these tiny plants help to make up plankton.
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) on its surface. The thick masses of gulfweed are home to a distinctive and specialized group of marine forms specifically adapted to their environment, and are a nursery for young migratory sea turtles. The sea is also the spawning ground for eels, dolphin fish (or dorado), and other fish. The Bermuda islands are in the northwestern part of the sea.

Sargasso Sea

 

an area of the Atlantic Ocean situated in tropical latitudes between the Canaries Current, the North Equatorial Current, and the Gulf Stream—that is, between 23°-35° N lat. and 30°-68° W long. The area fluctuates from 6 to 7 million sq km owing to seasonal changes in the currents. The winds and currents are weak and unstable, since the region is located in the center of the anticyclone cycle of surface waters. The water temperature is 18°-23°C in the winter and 26°-28°C in the summer. The salinity is 36.5–37.0 pro mille.

The Sargasso Sea received its name from the extensive aggregates of the seaweed Sargassum that float on or near the surface. The abundance of seaweed is due to the convergence of surface currents in the area. The sea is inhabited by many different types of animals. Free-swimming animals include mackerel, flying fishes, sea urchins, crabs, and sea tortoises; animals that live attached to seaweed include sea anemones and bryozoans.

The Sargasso Sea was at one time exceptionally clean, with visibility to a depth of 60 cm. Now the sea is severely contaminated with heavy oils.

Sargasso Sea

[sär′ga·sō ′sē]
(geography)
A region of the North Atlantic Ocean; boundaries are defined in the west and north by the Gulf Stream, in the east by longitude 40°W, and in the south by latitude 20°N.

Sargasso Sea

a calm area of the N Atlantic, between the Caribbean and the Azores, where there is an abundance of floating seaweed of the genus Sargassum
References in periodicals archive ?
Aristotle mused that eels emerged from the mud of river bottoms, and it was not until 1923 that Danish biologist Johannes Schmidt, after a fifteen-year search, tracked down young larvae of both American (Anguilla rostrata) and European eels (Anguilla anguilla) in the Sargasso Sea.
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9) But these too have largely ignored Voyage in the Dark in favor of Wide Sargasso Sea.
With it the Sargasso Sea visibly nourishes, builds, and asserts itself over this, its only landmass, reminding us of the currents that enclose us from and expose us to the commerce of objects and ideas generated beyond the horizon.
If removal of seaweed involves large machinery, that will also impact the beaches and the ecosystems," said Faith Bulger, program officer at the Washington-based Sargasso Sea Commission.
American eels all migrate to the Sargasso Sea near Bermuda to reproduce.
Josephs rejects various interpretations of Wide Sargasso Sea as intra-novel angry oppositions as interpretive avoidance.
Wide Sargasso Sea is commonly associated with a postcolonial reading.
Both American and European eels are born in the Sargasso Sea, a unique and little-known part of the Atlantic lying just east of Bermuda.
DECLINING eel numbers could be partly due to the weather changes and varying ocean currents according to the results of research by the University of London using a computer model together with analysis of wind driven Atlantic currents over the past 45 years Much of the eel's life is still a mystery; but the baby eels, called elvers, are born in the Sargasso Sea and take two years to migrate from there to enter European rivers.
Though Edward Rochester is neither the central figure of Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre nor of Jean Rhys's counterpart text Wide Sargasso Sea, he nevertheless occupies a crucial position in each text--in Jane Eyre, he is the desired object of Jane's romantic 'quest' (Friedman, 1989: 119), while in Wide Sargasso Sea he is the immediate manifestation and enforcer of the network of patriarchal codes (sexism, colonialism, the English Law, and the 'law' which demarcates and creates sanity and insanity) that imprisons Antoinette Cosway.