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The cult of Satan, or Satan worship, is in part a survival of the ancient worship of demons and in part a revolt against Christianity or the church. It rose about the 12th cent. in Europe and reached its culmination in the blasphemous ritual of the Black Mass, a desecration of the Christian rite. The history of early Satanism is obscure. It was revived in the reign of Louis XIV in France and is still practiced by various groups throughout the world, particularly in the United States. One of the largest and most influential Satanic groups is the Church of Satan (1966), founded by Anton LaVey in San Francisco. A splinter group, the Temple of Set (1975), was organized by Michael Aquino. Many Satanic groups, including the ones mentioned, attest that such worship does not necessarily imply evil intentions, but rather an alternative to the repressive morality of many other religious groups. Such groups see no harm in their indulgence in "worldly pleasures" that other religions forbid. Other, more severe brands of Satanism likely exist, although much of the activity pegged as "Satanic" has less to do with the religion than with various forms of sociopathy. Indeed, reliable research has found no evidence indicating the existence of alarming, large-scale Satanic phenomena. An unfortunate mistake is the unfounded—yet common—linkage of minority religious traditions, such as the African-derived voodoovoodoo
[from the god Vodun], native W African religious beliefs and practices that also has adherents in the New World. Voodoo believers are most numerous in Haiti, where voodoo was granted official religious status in 2003, and in Benin, where the religion has had official
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 and SanteríaSantería
, religion originating in W Africa, developed by Yoruba slaves in Cuba, and practiced by an estimated one million people in the United States. Blending African beliefs with those of Roman Catholicism, it fuses Christian saints with African deities (orishas).
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, with Satanism. See also witchcraftwitchcraft,
a form of sorcery, or the magical manipulation of nature for self-aggrandizement, or for the benefit or harm of a client. This manipulation often involves the use of spirit-helpers, or familiars.
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See A. LaVey, Satanic Bible (1969); A. Lyons, The Second Coming (1970) and Satan Wants You! (1989); J. T. Richardson and D. Bromley, ed., The Satanism Scare (1991).


1. the worship of Satan
2. a form of such worship which includes blasphemous or obscene parodies of Christian prayers, etc.
3. a satanic disposition or satanic practices
References in periodicals archive ?
An upside down pentagram is Satanic in nature, and witches who are also Satanists are commonly said to practice black magic (Gesy, 1993; Thompson).
The defendant would say he was a Satanist and this difference led to arguments, although they were on the whole quickly resolved and never before had they been violent.
Admittedly the world of anti-Satanist crusaders, to say nothing of such bona fide Satanists as may actually be out there, is not easy to explore.
The couple shared the extremely filthy house with Algarad's Satanist mother, Cynthia Lawson.
I should've killed you when I had the chance,'' Pullman sneers, a line generally relegated to far less faith-based dramas; in response, the Satanist severs one of his own fingers and grins maniacally.
I read more and more and came to realize I'd always been a Satanist, just simply never knew.
The Royal Navy's decision to officially recognise a non-commissioned officer as a Satanist - allowing him to practise rituals on board ship - has been condemned as 'utterly shocking'.
Sakvuk declined to discuss press reports that the murder was linked to Satanist groups.
If we are to protest the satanist scare, then we must know the facts about the history of Satan and about those who encourage belief in satanic powers.
Conventioneers snapped up the newsletter of self-proclaimed intelligence expert Don McAlvany, which outlines why Hillary Rodham Clinton is a satanist.
Chaz Stevens, a converted Satanist from being Pabstfestidian, penned a letter to councils at Deerfield Beach asking permission to start a Commission meeting with his Satanic prayer.
1875: Modern-day Satanist Aleister Crowley -once dubbed "the wickedest man in the world" -was born in Leamington.