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The cult of Satan, or Satan worship, is in part a survival of the ancient worship of demons and in part a revolt against Christianity or the church. It rose about the 12th cent. in Europe and reached its culmination in the blasphemous ritual of the Black Mass, a desecration of the Christian rite. The history of early Satanism is obscure. It was revived in the reign of Louis XIV in France and is still practiced by various groups throughout the world, particularly in the United States. One of the largest and most influential Satanic groups is the Church of Satan (1966), founded by Anton LaVey in San Francisco. A splinter group, the Temple of Set (1975), was organized by Michael Aquino. Many Satanic groups, including the ones mentioned, attest that such worship does not necessarily imply evil intentions, but rather an alternative to the repressive morality of many other religious groups. Such groups see no harm in their indulgence in "worldly pleasures" that other religions forbid. Other, more severe brands of Satanism likely exist, although much of the activity pegged as "Satanic" has less to do with the religion than with various forms of sociopathy. Indeed, reliable research has found no evidence indicating the existence of alarming, large-scale Satanic phenomena. An unfortunate mistake is the unfounded—yet common—linkage of minority religious traditions, such as the African-derived voodoovoodoo
[from the god Vodun], native W African religious beliefs and practices that also has adherents in the New World. Voodoo believers are most numerous in Haiti, where voodoo was granted official religious status in 2003, and in Benin, where the religion has had official
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 and SanteríaSantería
, religion originating in W Africa, developed by Yoruba slaves in Cuba, and practiced by an estimated one million people in the United States. Blending African beliefs with those of Roman Catholicism, it fuses Christian saints with African deities (orishas).
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, with Satanism. See also witchcraftwitchcraft,
a form of sorcery, or the magical manipulation of nature for self-aggrandizement, or for the benefit or harm of a client. This manipulation often involves the use of spirit-helpers, or familiars.
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See A. LaVey, Satanic Bible (1969); A. Lyons, The Second Coming (1970) and Satan Wants You! (1989); J. T. Richardson and D. Bromley, ed., The Satanism Scare (1991).


1. the worship of Satan
2. a form of such worship which includes blasphemous or obscene parodies of Christian prayers, etc.
3. a satanic disposition or satanic practices
References in periodicals archive ?
But others who call themselves Satanists believe in Satan quite literally, and are self-styled devil worshippers.
Two days after the Supreme Court's decision, a newly converted Satanist started asking towns in Florida if he could open town meetings with a prayer to his "Dude in Charge.
The region's 178 Satanists are spread out across the West Midlands, with 29 of them living in Birmingham itself.
The Satanic Bible, which LaVey penned in 1969, states that Satanists believe in "vengeance over turning the other cheek".
The religious police, otherwise known as the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice, arrested a group of Satanists who put copies of the Quran in sewage openings and garbage bins to curry favor with the devil and ask for his help in facilitating their practices, according to exclusive footage obtained by Al Arabiya.
BANNED: Anathema were suspected of being Satanists in Tunisia
Scott Speedman, left, and Wes Bentley star as buddies who run into a group of satanists as they're trying to bury a friend at an old drive-in theater in "Weirdsville.
SUSPECTED Satanists have butchered animals and built a grisly altar from their hearts.
Unfortunately, they don't make this discovery until after they've interrupted some novice Satanists in the act of carrying out their first human sacrifice.
Following the rise of popularity in Satanism from the 1960s down to today, Satanic Killings studies the minds, lives and backgrounds of the underground cult-oriented predators and devil worshiping murderers involved in these ruthless murders including serial killers, vampire broods, neo-nazis, and Satanists, including their pop culture, sociological, and psychological influences.
Many of those people involved with Adolf Hitler were Satanists, many of them were homosexuals.
Under the act, Satanists and witches would be able to complain about Catholic priests or Anglicans, for example, "vilifying" their beliefs.