Satellite Cell

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Related to Satellite cells: Glial cells, Ependymal cells

satellite cell

[′sad·əl‚īt ‚sel]
(histology)
One of the neurilemmal cells surrounding nerve cells in the peripheral nervous system.

Satellite Cell

 

in plants, a parenchymal cell that is adjacent to the sieve tubes of the phloem and is related to them both ontogenetically and physiologically.

References in periodicals archive ?
Cell culture: HEK 293T Cells, the bovine muscle satellite cells were given by NBCIC (National Beef Cattle Improvement Center, Northwest AandF University, Yangling, China), and identified with cell markers by Immunofluoresence staining, cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM, gibco) with stable L-glutamine supplemented with 20% fetal bovine serum (FBS, gibco), 10% horse serum (HS, gibco), 100U/ml penicillin (sigma), 100ug/ml streptomycin (sigma) (complete growth medium), incubated at 37 AdegC under 5% CO2 atmosphere (Thermo).
The initial phase of activation and proliferation of satellite cells is characterized by MyoD expression, which increases at the initial stage of the regeneration process and reaches its maximum three days after injury (Tidball and Villalta, 2010).
Miyata, "Muscle satellite cells are activated after exercise to exhaustion in Thoroughbred horses," Equine Veterinary Journal, vol.
Briefly, monoclonal anti-Pax7 antibody (Developmental Studies Hybridoma Bank, Iowa, IA, USA) was used for the detection of muscle satellite cells (Asakura et al.
When the researchers injected old mice with GDF11, the population of satellite cells increased, and the number of satellite cells with severe DNA damage fell by a factor of 4.
Although it has been noted previously that the fiber-type distribution of satellite cells may differ between slow and fast limb muscles [47], this was not a primary aim of this study.
Significant role of satellite cells (SC) in muscle regeneration following injury is well documented (19).
Now, researchers at the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), part of the National Institutes of Health, are beginning to find answers in a specialized population of cells called satellite cells.
Previous research has demonstrated that with exercise, muscle cells get even bigger by merging with stem cells called satellite cells, which are nestled between muscle fiber cells.