Sauromatum

Sauromatum

 

a genus of plants of the family Araceae. The plants are perennial herbs with an underground tuber and one large dissected leaf, which dies in the dry season. The plant flowers after the dormant period preceding the appearance of a new leaf. The inflorescence—a spadix on a short pedicel—is surrounded by a spathe with an inflated tube and elongate-lanceolate plate, which is usually speckled. At the base of the spadix there are tiny unisexual flowers, and at the tip there is a sterile, cylindrical dark purple appendage. The inflorescence has a putrid odor, which attracts insect pollinators. There are six species of Sauromatum, distributed in tropical Africa, India, Indochina, and the islands of the Malay Archipelago. A common greenhouse species is S. guttatum, which is native to eastern India and Burma.

References in periodicals archive ?
Saddiqui, Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activities of an Ethnobotanically Important Plant Sauromatum venosum (Ait.
A highly interesting observation concerns Sauromatum venosum (Araceae), which has inaperturate pollen grains with an endexine and spines, both polysaccharidic in nature (Weber et al.
The spiny pollen wall in Sauromatum (Araceae)--With special reference to the endexine.
They say plants such as the voodoo lily, Sauromatum guttatum, promise a better understanding of plant hormone systems involved in flowring -- an important area of botany still in its infancy.
230, 231] Peltandra virginica Kunth [205, 206] Sauromatum guttatum Schott [26, 86, 229, 230] Spathiphyllum cannaefolium (Dryand.
Dimethyl oligosulphides, major volatiles released from Sauromatum guttatum and Phallus impudicus.
Club-shaped organs as additional osmophores within the Sauromatum inflorescence: odour analysis, ultrastructural changes and pollination aspects.
Siddiqui, Antbacterial and Antioxidant Activities of an Ethnobotanically Important Plant Sauromatum Venosum, Pak.