Niue

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Niue

(nēo͞o`ā), coral island (2004 pop. 1,761), c.100 sq mi (260 sq km), South Pacific, freely associated with New Zealand. AlofiAlofi,
village (2001 pop. 614), capital of Niue, a South Pacific island nation in free association with New Zealand. Situated on Alofi Bay on Niue's W coast, it was the island's largest settlement and main port. In Jan.
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 is the capital. The inhabitants are mainly Protestant Polynesians. Niue, once known as Savage Island, has fertile soil and exports coconut cream, copra, honey, vanilla, and fruit. Fishing, tourism, and the sale of postage stamps to foreign collectors are also important to the economy. The island, which is heavily dependent on aid from New Zealand, has an autonomous internal government, established under the Consitution Act of 1974. There is a premier and a 20-seat Legislative Assembly, whose members are popularly elected for three-year terms. Declining population threatens Niue's economic health and the survival of its language; Polynesians of Niuean descent in New Zealand outnumber Niueans ten to one. A cyclone devastated the island in Jan., 2004. In 2006, Australia, New Zealand, and Niue established a trust fund to provide long-term revenues for the island's economic development.

Niue

 

(also Savage), an island in the southern Pacific, in Polynesia, belonging to New Zealand. Area, 259 sq km. Population, 5,000 (1970). The administrative center is Alofi. Niue is a coral island that was once an atoll; the depression in the center of the island is the relict of an ancient lagoon. The maximum elevation is 91 m. The economy is based on the production of copra and bananas and on handicrafts. The island was discovered in 1774 by J. Cook.

Niue

Official name: Niue

Capital city: Alofi

Internet country code: .nu

Flag description: Yellow with the flag of the United Kingdom in the upper hoist-side quadrant; the flag of the United Kingdom bears five yellow five-pointed stars - a large one on a blue disk in the center and a smaller one on each arm of the bold red cross

Geographical description: Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga

Total area: 100 sq. mi. (260 sq. km.)

Climate: Tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

Nationality: noun: Niuean(s); adjective: Niuean

Population: 1,492 (July 2007 CIA est.)

Ethnic groups: Niuen 78.2%, Pacific Islander 10.2%, Euro­pean 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3%

Languages spoken: Niuean, a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan; English

Religions: Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah’s Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9%

Legal Holidays:

ANZAC DayApr 25
Boxing DayDec 26
Christmas DayDec 25
Easter MondayApr 25, 2011; Apr 9, 2012; Apr 1, 2013; Apr 21, 2014; Apr 6, 2015; Mar 28, 2016; Apr 17, 2017; Apr 2, 2018; Apr 22, 2019; Apr 13, 2020; Apr 5, 2021; Apr 18, 2022; Apr 10, 2023
Good FridayApr 22, 2011; Apr 6, 2012; Mar 29, 2013; Apr 18, 2014; Apr 3, 2015; Mar 25, 2016; Apr 14, 2017; Mar 30, 2018; Apr 19, 2019; Apr 10, 2020; Apr 2, 2021; Apr 15, 2022; Apr 7, 2023
New Year's DayJan 1
Queen Elizabeth II BirthdayJun 6, 2011; Jun 4, 2012; Jun 3, 2013; Jun 2, 2014; Jun 1, 2015; Jun 6, 2016; Jun 5, 2017; Jun 4, 2018; Jun 3, 2019; Jun 1, 2020; Jun 7, 2021; Jun 6, 2022; Jun 5, 2023
Waitangi DayFeb 6

Niue

an island in the S Pacific, between Tonga and the Cook Islands: annexed by New Zealand (1901); achieved full internal self-government in 1974. Chief town and port: Alofi. Pop.: 2000 (2003 est.). Area: 260 sq. km (100 sq. miles)