Scabino

Scabino

 

a judicial official of the Frankish state. The college of scabini was introduced by Charlemagne in a reform of 809 to replace the Rachinburgen, elected officials who attended popular court sessions. The college usually consisted of seven men, appointed by a body consisting of one count and several of the king’s agents. Experts on local customs, the scabini provided counsel at court sessions, where a count or agents of the king presided. The institutions of the Schöffen in Germany and échevins in France were based on the college of scabini.