Schönbrunn


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Schönbrunn

(shönbro͝on`), former imperial palace in Vienna, built during the reigns of Emperor Charles VI and Maria Theresa. Mainly designed by Fischer von ErlachFischer von Erlach, Johann Bernhard
, 1656–1723, the leading Austrian baroque architect. After studying in Rome he returned to Vienna. In 1705 he was appointed imperial court architect.
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, it is a splendid example of Austrian baroque. Its beautiful park, emulating Versailles, has a large zoological and botanical garden. Both palace and park were damaged during World War II. By the Peace of Schönbrunn (1809), imposed by Napoleon INapoleon I
, 1769–1821, emperor of the French, b. Ajaccio, Corsica, known as "the Little Corporal." Early Life

The son of Carlo and Letizia Bonaparte (or Buonaparte; see under Bonaparte, family), young Napoleon was sent (1779) to French military schools at
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, Austria temporarily lost W Galicia to the grand duchy of Warsaw, and Illyria to France.