Oskar Schindler

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Oskar Schindler
BirthplaceZwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary

Schindler, Oskar,

1908–74, German industrialist who saved more than a thousand Jews during the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. A Catholic and a member of the National Socialist (Nazi) party, Schindler relocated (1939) to Kraków, in German-occupied Poland, and established an armament factory whose workers included Jewish laborers from Nazi camps. Resolving to save as many Jews as possible from the "final solution," he engratiated himself with Nazi officials and employed as many Jews as he could get, listing them as skilled industrial workers when they were not (some were children) and housing them in his own facility. In 1943, after the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, Schindler created a safe sub-camp at his factory.

In 1944, as more Jews were consigned to death camps, Schindler drew up a list of some 1,100, as many as he could afford to obtain, and had them sent to his labor camp in Czechoslovakia, supposedly to produce essential munitions. After Russians liberated the camp (1945), its inmates scattered throughout the world, many immigrating to Israel. Schindler, impoverished by his efforts, received aid from a Jewish welfare group, immigrated to Argentina, and later returned to West Germany. Honored by Israel, he was buried in Jerusalem. His story formed the basis for Thomas KeneallyKeneally, Thomas
, 1935–, Australian novelist, b. Sydney. For a time a student of religion, and later of law, Keneally has ranged over a wide spectrum of subjects in his many novels, including the American Civil War, Nazi Germany, POW camps, and rugby.
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's Schindler's Ark (1982, American title Schindler's List) and the subsequent Steven SpielbergSpielberg, Steven,
1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character.
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 film (1993).


See T. Keneally, Searching for Schindler (2008); biography by D. M. Crowe (2004); T. Fensch, ed., Oskar Schindler and His List (1995); P. Mietek, The Road to Rescue (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
On September 10, 2015, Weil secured a complete victory for Schindler Elevator Corp.
Steven Spielberg's wonderful movie, "Schindler's List,'' gets a few (very few) things wrong, but nicely captures the paradox that was Oskar Schindler, a Czechoslovakian-born industrialist who, prior to World War II, spied for the German Abwehr (espionage unit), joined the Nazi Party and helped ensure the German takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1939, which hastened Hitler's conquest of Eastern Europe.
Founded in Switzerland in 1874, the Schindler Group is a leading global provider of lifts, escalators and related services.
OSKAR SCHINDLER THIRTY-nine years ago Oskar Schindler died at the age of 66.
has named Gary Schindler as the new dean of students.
The 'list' was named for Schindler, a businessman from Germany who is credited with saving more than 1,000 Jewish refugees from the Nazis by deeming them essential workers for his enamel-works factories
An original list complied by Oskar Schindler, the German industrialist who saved more than 1200 Jews during World War II, is up for auction with an opening bid of PS2million.
It starred Liam Neeson as Schindler, Ben Kingsley as Stern and Ralph Fiennes as sadistic Nazi concentration MOVIe: neeson camp commandant Amon Goeth.
Northwestern arrived late in the recruiting process for Joe Schindler, but the South Eugene senior hopes to be in the starting rotation for the Wildcats next spring.
th] Anniversary Limited Edition has been meticulously restored from the original film negative in pristine high definition, supervised by Steven Spielberg and includes bonus features that shed unprecedented light on the story of Oskar Schindler, a member of the Nazi party who risked his own life to save more than 1,100 Jews during the Holocaust.
Olayan Financing Company (OFC) has acquired from Schindler a minority stake of 10 percent in Saudi Elevator Company, a statement said.
The youth organization of Swiss Social Democrats stated they bought a one-way ticket to tycoon Alfred Schindler, who complained on the imminent raise of tax burden in the country.