Oskar Schindler

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Oskar Schindler
BirthplaceZwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary

Schindler, Oskar,

1908–74, German industrialist who saved more than a thousand Jews during the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. A Catholic and a member of the National Socialist (Nazi) party, Schindler relocated (1939) to Kraków, in German-occupied Poland, and established an armament factory whose workers included Jewish laborers from Nazi camps. Resolving to save as many Jews as possible from the "final solution," he engratiated himself with Nazi officials and employed as many Jews as he could get, listing them as skilled industrial workers when they were not (some were children) and housing them in his own facility. In 1943, after the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, Schindler created a safe sub-camp at his factory.

In 1944, as more Jews were consigned to death camps, Schindler drew up a list of some 1,100, as many as he could afford to obtain, and had them sent to his labor camp in Czechoslovakia, supposedly to produce essential munitions. After Russians liberated the camp (1945), its inmates scattered throughout the world, many immigrating to Israel. Schindler, impoverished by his efforts, received aid from a Jewish welfare group, immigrated to Argentina, and later returned to West Germany. Honored by Israel, he was buried in Jerusalem. His story formed the basis for Thomas KeneallyKeneally, Thomas
, 1935–, Australian novelist, b. Sydney. For a time a student of religion, and later of law, Keneally has ranged over a wide spectrum of subjects in his many novels, including the American Civil War, Nazi Germany, POW camps, and rugby.
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's Schindler's Ark (1982, American title Schindler's List) and the subsequent Steven SpielbergSpielberg, Steven,
1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character.
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 film (1993).


See T. Keneally, Searching for Schindler (2008); biography by D. M. Crowe (2004); T. Fensch, ed., Oskar Schindler and His List (1995); P. Mietek, The Road to Rescue (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
DAVID Wagner has slapped the 'no sale' signs on Hudderfield Town defender Christopher Schindler.
CHRIS SCHINDLER says fighting relegation with Huddersfield is much easier than in Germany - because the fans are on his side rather than on his back.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Aug 8 (ANI): Leading providers of escalators and elevators Schindler India is all set to invest Rs.
The new IoT connectivity solution is an important element of Schindlers digital platform and will enable Schindler to better monitor, analyze and leverage data generated from its elevators and escalators.
Schindler Elevator Corporation announced on Wednesday the award of a multi-million dollar contract with developer, The John Buck Company, to supply and install 20 elevators at Park Tower at Transbay.
Schindler Group (SIX: SCHN), a global provider of elevators, escalators and related services, and GE Digital (NYSE:GE) announced on Wednesday a strategic alliance that will use the full potential of the Industrial Internet for digital innovations in elevators, escalators and smart buildings.
Schindler answers the call of both popes by providing the most satisfactory and comprehensive account of the nature of reason--in its essence and in its relation to being and faith--that I have seen.
Forty years after his death, a legal battle is playing out in Jerusalem over documents belonging to Oskar Schindler including personal copies of the lists of Jews he saved from the Holocaust.
Steven Spielberg's wonderful movie, "Schindler's List,'' gets a few (very few) things wrong, but nicely captures the paradox that was Oskar Schindler, a Czechoslovakian-born industrialist who, prior to World War II, spied for the German Abwehr (espionage unit), joined the Nazi Party and helped ensure the German takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1939, which hastened Hitler's conquest of Eastern Europe.
10 June 2014 - Switzerland-based escalators, elevators and moving walks specialist Schindler Holding Ltd (VTX:SCHP; SWX:SCHN) said it had agreed to increase its holding in its joint venture in China, XJ-Schindler (Xuchang) Elevator Co, to 51% from 46%.
In 1965 Leon met Oskar Schindler again and had been worried that his hero would not have recognised him.