Also found in: Wikipedia.



a genus of perennial bulbous herbs of the family Liliaceae. The leaves are linear and elongate. The small flowers are in a long and dense spicate inflorescence at the apex of the scape. The perianth consists of six narrow segments that are free. The fruit is a three-celled capsule with six to nine seeds.

There are about ten species, distributed in the southern part of North America and in Central and South America. The plants are most common in Mexico. The best-known species, S. officinale, is found in the mountains of Mexico, Guatemala, and Venezuela. Its seeds are poisonous: they contain the alkaloids veratridine, cevadine, sabadine, veragenine, and veracevine. An infusion or tea made from the seeds is used against parasites of animals and humans. The preparation veratrine—a combination of the alkaloids in the form of an infusion or ointment—is used to treat pains of the joints and neuralgia.


Murav’eva, D. A., and A. F. Gammerman. Tropicheskie i subtropicheskie lekarstvennye rasteniia. Moscow, 1974.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Sin embargo, los generos con mas de 90% de especies endemicas son Hymenocallis, Hechtia, Polianthes, Deiregyne, Schoenocaulon y Milla (Cuadro 4).
Stilbene and 2-arylbenzofuran glucosides from the Rhizomes of Schoenocaulon officinale.
Schoenocaulon oaxacense (Frame) Zomlefer et Judd (OAX)
Anticlea 6/3; Schoenocaulon 25 (26)/23 (24); Toxicoscordium 2/0; Veratrum 1/0
A conspectus of Mexican Melanthiaceae including a description of new taxa of Schoenocaulon and Zigadenus.
concurrieron con la posibilidad de que fuera un Stenanthium, pero consideraron que tambien podria representar un Schoenocaulon.
Dichos elementos son: Carex interjecta Reznicek, Tigridia tepoxtlana Ravenna, Schoenocaulon tenue Brinker, Malaxis palustris Espejo & Lopez-Ferrari, Pleurothallis nigriora L.